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organization of seperation.docx

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York University
Political Science
POLS 1000
Martin Breaugh

 Max Weber is a socialist o Can choose to govern his private life  The fact-value distinction will have extremely important consequences for the practical world o Will lead to the separation between the social world (the public realm) and that of the private world (private realm)  In the public realm, science will hold more and more influence and power  In the private realm, the individual will be allowed to pick and choose the values that he or she wants o The values and beliefs chosen by each and every one of us may enter into conflict into the values and beliefs of others but this conflict will be confined to the private realm o We will try our best to keep these private conflicts do not enter into the public  Beliefs and values must be evacuated from the public realm; must not contaminate the public ream o Solely private matters o Because of this, the private realm will be the realm of the value pluralism o In the private realm, because of value pluralism, there is a potential of a war of gods  Science and reason are seen to be value neutral o They do not say how to live o In themselves they have no content; they are methods that allow us to govern in the public realm, to make decisions o They are methods that help us get results o This implies that reason and science will govern the social world  The fact that reason and science govern more and more the social world or public realm is called by Max Weber, rationalization o The main characteristic of modern times o Defined as "the process through which spirituality, tradition, and moral values are replaces by rational calculation, efficiency, and control." o When this process of rationalization, where old superstitions are replaces by rationality, begins in contemporary society, it lead to what Weber calls the disenchantment of a world o Elements that would normally enchant the world or indicate the presence of something supernatural, such as God, are evaporated  This disenchanted world is called an iron cage because the iron represents cold and calculating reason and its a cage because there is no going back o Once the process of rationalization begins, you cannot stop it or go back o Once the process of science begins, its irreversible, according Weber o Human, all too human ( means that in the iron cage, we're stuck with ourselves; the call to God, in the public realm will do no good.) o This does not mean that the private realm cant be enchanted  In your inner being you can convince yourself and believe that there are angels or that things happen for a reason  The merits of this thought is that Weber explains to us the undeniable thought of contemporary existance o Our society is founded on separations and here it is the separation of values and facts o Also the separation of science and life o Science governs the public realm but will say nothing on how to govern your own life o Values allows you to choose what you believe and value  Will enter into conflict chose and values made by others  Six fundamental separations Separation of professions or division of labour Separation of powers Separation of church and state Separation of civil society and state Separation between represented and representative (electors and elected) Separation between facts and values  These separations are not perfect, some overlap but all of the separations share one trait; all are imperatives, they MUST be separated o If we are to remain free, they must remain separate o Manent will argue that modern liberty is founded on this organization of separation  The old regime in France, with the King, nobles and church holding all power, we can see that these societies are forever representing their unity o Pre-democratic society was constantly defending the unity of these separations o The old regime is a good example of a society that does all in its might to rid itself of this unity and division
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