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Lecture 4

POLS 2200 Week 4.docx

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Department
Political Science
Course Code
POLS 2200
Professor
David Skinner

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POLS 2200 Week 3   Sentences Correction of Punishment­Sentencing  In order to establish guilt one must evaluate how any other reasonable person expects  the consequences Minimum mandatory sentencing­where the judge has no discretion and they apply to  specific crimes Direct example of public policy attempting to address a social issue with the net effect of restraining  the activities of judges Rule of Crown During sentencing crown must remain impartial Which means the prosecution must display a lack of concern Sentencing must always reflect the context of a case Individualization of sentencing No two proceedings are exactly the same Purposes and Principles Involved in Sentencing The fundamental purpose of sentencing is to contribute to the respect of law Sentencing along with crime prevention initiatives should contribute the maintenance  of a safe and peaceful society by imposing sanctions What are the objectives of punishing people? Sanctions=deprivation of somebody’s liberty The sentencing process is designed to reject the process of creating revenge from punishment We deprive people from their liberty because we believe those actions are harmful  More specifically sentences must communicate something to the public This type of behavior must be dealt with in a consistent manor  People who commit these crimes can expect a certain range of punishment­general  deterrence Deterrence functions in 2 ways Set example for other people­assuming we live in a society of rational actors­we know if we commit  crimes we get punished  Remove people/offenders from society when necessary­deprivation of liberty should be treated as  the last resort If we are going to choose ^ as an option one of the functions of sentences is to ensure rehab and  re­integration  Majority of prisoners end up re­integrating back into society­necessary for rehab so  that when the come back re­socialized, so that they can work and pay taxes Reason we punish is also to provide for compensations to victims Last purpose of sentencing is to promote a sense of responsibility in offenders Fundamental Principles of Sentencing Utilitarian way­must be some connection between punishment and crime  A sentence must be proportionate to the offence, but also proportionate to the degree  of the offender  More specifically when dealing with indictable offences, outside of murder, combined  or consecutive sentences should not be unduly (unreasonable long or ) harsh  All other sanctions other then
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