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Political Science
POLS 2900
Adam Hilton

Machiavelli The political Culture of the Italian Renaissance  New approaches to art, culture, religion and science combined with exposure to foreign civilizations. Growth of long distance trade  Europe was divided into a system of small states partitioned amongst ruling families. Dynastic alliance were used as a means of diplomacy  The “age of conspiracies” – political assassinations, shifting political alliances and coup d’états were commonplace (chapter 19)  1479 – Failed Piazzi conspiracy. Attempted assassination on Lorenzo and Giuliano de Medici. Lorenzo escaped with his life Renaissance Warfare  War was considered to be a natural feature of Renaissance life. states were dependent on conquest for revenue  Armies were infamous for looting and pillaging the lands of neighboring states. Machiavelli was commissioned to recruit a small militia which turned out to be largely unsuccessful  Re-mobilization of mercenaries (one of the main supplies of state armies) posed a constant threat to civilian peace  Armies were expensive. Standing armies were source of revolutionary potential The Young Machiavelli  Born to a lower middle class family on the outskirt of Florence in 1469  Passionate about historical study of ancient Rome. This type of education was called classical humanism  Through family was poor, they placed great stress on the respectability of their family name  Though well educated, Machiavelli was an avid gambler and drinker. Entered the Florentine public service at age 28 Brief Timeline of Florentine Regime  1434-1494 Reign of the Medici Dynasty  1494 conquest by Charles VIII of France, Friari Savonarola takes over  111498 Savonarola Excommunicated by the Pope. Tortured and eventually executed by Florentine authorities  1498 Soderini elected ruler for life. Machiavelli invades Pisa with a militia he recruited  1512 – Medici return to power. Machiavelli is tortured and banished from government affairs The Religious Moral Order  Savonarola (1452-1498)  Christian Political Agitator  Egalitarian, democratic and moralistic  Used shaming tactics against the nobility and aristocracy. Used the “bonfir
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