Lecture Thursday October 11
As states become “national’ they seek to increae wealth. Directly at the expense of others. Attempt to
take at force land from their neighbors. Other states are developing their own military.
States look elsewhere for wealth, where rules don’t apply. European states look to sources outside
Europe. This expansion is led by England spain france and Portugal
Extract wealth by sending own population to settle. Europe still tried to find a route to asia. Discover
wealth in Africa. Some settle and extract wealth from Africa. Colonial expansion is driven by the search
for wealth. European state benefits from wealth, but mostly companies lead the way and engage in
practises of wealth extraction. Expansion to the new worlds provided a new ground between states in
Europe. Provided new ground where euro rivalries can play out. Instead of going to war with each other
in euro, they fight in new world. Many settlers went to new world for political freedom along with
greed. European expansion was the condition for slavery.
How was europe so easily allowed to dominate the world?
1. Shows the way Europe understood Africa, by naked women and monkeys. Large blank spaces in
map of Africa. The way Europe viewed the rest of the world
2. The fact that euro had maps pointed to a set of technology that allowed wide spread colonial
Change in world view, “great chain of being” is broken. Growing racism. Development of the “nation”
leads to resentment and in turn racism.
Great chain of being gets transformed, social hierarchy does not disappear. Social class remains. Darker
skinned people are inferior to Europeans. Non Christians are low on the hierarchy.
This produces a world view that enables non euro to be understood as enferior.
Further done by euro capitalistic ideas about land. Purpose of land is to be cultivated. People generate
wealth from land. Many people that euro encounterd did not farm land. They were nomadic. Different
relationship with land. Euro think if land isn’t being cultivated, its not anyones possession.
3 sets of enabling technologies
1. Mapping- enabled euro to know where they going. Ability to navigate. Development of
calculating longitude, took until 1600;s for galileo 2. Ships- euro developed ocean worthy shipping. Building huge sailing vessels, can hold a crap load
of stuff. Wealth made possibl