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POLS 2950 (45)
Lecture

September 18 2013-April 2014 – Comparative Politics.docx

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Department
Political Science
Course
POLS 2950
Professor
Simone Bohn
Semester
Fall

Description
September18ComparativePoliticsAWhatisastateidodistinctauthorsseestatesdifferentlyMaxWeberKarlMarxiiwhatisanationstateBWhatroledidwarsplayintheemergenceandproliferationofmodernstatesProcessofnationstatewasaslipperprocessin1492therewerenoAmericasProcessofnationstateformationforsomecountriesparticularlycountriesoftheglobalsouthisgoingtoberelatedtocolonialismandimperialismWhatiscentralisthatwearetryingtolookforaformationofCentralAuthorityJericho8000BCKeyissuewaswhowasgoingtocontroltheseareasandwhatisgoingtobetheterritortareaprocessthatislongtermconditionofthestateprocessofstateformationinvolvedacertaindegreeofviolence1Economic2Judicialsystemthereneedstobeacentralauthorityinwhichthereneedstobeaaninternalorderbasedonthenormsthateveryonehastfollow3PoliticalarenagivingorderstopeopletobuildetcAsthepopulationgrewledtofightsofterritoryideaofterritoryiscentraltotheideaofstateterritoriesareveryimportantbecausetheyhave1Naturalresource2Economicresources3AndpopulationCompetitionforthecreationofcentralauthorityThecommunitythatwonwouldestablishsovereigntyoveracertainterritoryestablishingeconomicandpoliticlifeideaofsovereigntyiscentraltonationstateSovereigntyacontroloverterritoryprotectionagainstexternalenemiesbinternalorderprotectionofinhabitantswhatiscentraltothisideaisthatitisABSOLUTEthismeansthattherecannotbetwoconcurrentsourcesofpowerintermsofcontrollingmeansofviolencetherecannotbetwosourcesofpowerwhenitcomestoreligionchurchesarenolongergoingtocontrolpublicaspectsoffaiththisremainsasaprivatesectorpublichastobeseculartheseauthoritiestryingtodecreasethepowersofreligiousauthoritiesJeanBodin15301596talksaboutthepoliticalcommunitybeingthesourceofpowerMaxWeber18641920StateisthepoliticalinstitutionwhichhasthemonopolyofthelegitimateuseofviolencewithinaterritoryliberaldemocratictheoristcentralauthorityisforcedtoactinaliberaldemocraticwaystowardsitscitizensNationstateaterritorybpopulationcnationalidentityinationandiinationalloyaltyRegimeisnotequaltoastateregimereferstotheformalrulesoforganizingpoliticalpowerdictatorshipstotalitariandemocracystatetorefertoacentralauthoritythatdetainsthemonopolyontheuseofterritoryDifferenttypesofstate1CitystatesNaplesSicilyinItalytheyhaveacomplexitydevelopedaprotoexecutivepowerjudicialcomplexmeansoforganizingsocietycurrenciesetc2EmpirespoliticalcommunitiesthatwerespreadabouttheglobeieRomanEmpiretheywerespreadandcontrolledmultipleareasandtheseareaswerenotsidebysidethisismultinationalreligiousempiresitisonlylaterthatSovietUnionwasanexampleofanempireandtheOttomanEmpirewhichledtotheformationofTurkey3NationstatescontrolacontiguousterritorytheideaofnationalitynationalloyaltyeveryoneidentifieswiththisnationalloyaltyTreatyofWestphalia1648astatesaresovereignrightofselfdeterminationblegalequalityamongstatescnoninterventionofonestateontheaffairofothersCharlesTillycapitalandcoercionplayedakeyrolebecausetheyarecentralforustounderstanddifferentroutesofstateformationpreparationofwarhelpstheformationofthestateWARSTATEthestatesthatwerebeingtornwantedmorewarspreparationforwarcreatesstatebureaucracywhenyoucollectmoneythiscreatesapublicaccountanthiregeneralhirepeopleetcetcthemoresuccessfulstateisinformationofstatebureaucracythemoretheywillbesuccessfulinfightingthewarCapitalpresenceofcommercialclassAbsencePresencelowHollandHighRussiaHollandcurrencyfacilitatingtradeaunittoconvertamonetizedeconomyitiseasiertotradeandextractresourcescommercialbourgeoissecurityprotectionsymbioticrelationshippowersharingagreementthestateknewitneededtheresourcesofthecommercialclassthistypeofconfigurationleadsapathtodemocracyparticularpatternofstateformationwhichcreatesagreaterlikelihoodofpoliticaldemocracykeysocialclassandthestateRussiatheydidnothavecommercialclassdifferenttaskofstateformationRussiawasforalargenumberofcenturiesanagriculturalpowercontrolmassiveamountoflandvocationforterrestrialpoweranintlpowerwillgreatamountoftroopsbecauseofitsvastmassoflandRussiahadthecentralityoflandlordsstrengthoftheruralclassandthefactthatitwasnotanonmonetizedeconomyharderforthemtodevelopacommoncurrencyfortaxationpurposesitisharderforthestatebecausetheyhavetogolandlordsbylandlordshardtokeepitorganizedinvolvesalotmorecoercionabsenceoffinancialcapitalleavestheprocesstobeheavyinthethestateinsteadofprotectingeconomicrightsstatewilluseitsforcetomaintainacertainsocialordermovesthemawayfromdemocraticpactyouwilllookforatendencytothedevelopmentofauthoritariansystemgoodrelationshipwiththelandlordKarlMarxSetofpowerrelationsconceptofcitizenisveryimportantbecausetheideaofcitizeniscentralnowadaysanditisthisideainwhichwearepoliticallyandlegallyequalallofushavecitizenshiprightssomeauthorssaythatthisisafakerepresentationswhyisitfakeSocietaldynamicsconstantlycreatingandmaintainsocialinequalitythereisalevelofappearancewhichispoliticalandlegalequalitywealwayshavetolookatdeeperlevelsofthestateinsteadofbeinganeutralarbiterisalwayshighlyinfluencedbypowerfulindividualsSeptember252013KeyQuestionWhathappenstothesocialfabricwhenthestateisweakenedWhathappenstothesocietywhenthestateauthorityisweakenedThomasHobbes15881679LeviathanpessimisticviewofhumannaturestateofnatureimportantauthorgreatcontributortopoliticalsciencehispersonallifeplayedakeyroleinhistheoriesOxforduniversityveryeducatedspokeLatinandGreekfirstonetotranslatePeloponnesianWarCharlesIlotsofturmoilinEnglandhugeconflictbetweenkingandparliamentkingnotstrongenoughtosubdueparliamentandparliamentwasnotstrongenoughtopushforaconstitutionalmonarchykinghadsometroopsathisdisposalandsodidtheparliamentnoorganizedpolicenojudicialsystemnobilityclasswasinchargeofgivingjusticekingwasabigspenderofthetaxescollectedtheparliamentwasalsobeingcreatedasanintermittentorganization1642warbreaksinEnglandandthereismassconfusionanarchypeoplefightingin
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