Class Notes (783,891)
Canada (480,852)
York University (32,530)
POLS 3170 (18)


5 Pages
Unlock Document

York University
Political Science
POLS 3170
Glenn Goshulak

Tuesday September 24 , 2013 Canada’s Social Policy – Lecture 2 Social Policy During the Keynesian Era The Institutional Approach (1945-73) The ideas about poverty, healthcare , about what things citizens should get  Social welfare as a major integrated institution in society  Universal services to be provided outside the market o If you are out of work there will be gov supplied services.  Eligibility based on need, not deserving/undeserving Post – World War one  Rising pressures for changes  Government Responses o Red scare-policies; they said that these are communist movements here to over throw capital system o Anti-Loafing Law – if you are not gainfully employed you could be subject to arrestment, imprisonment or deportation if necessary  Capital’s Response o By the owners of means of production or factory owners was repression. lets fire the malcontents o They did try to make some concession to workers they tried to introduce- Corporate welfare.  Mixed effects on social policy o Government support capital o Only real reform: veterans o Social gospelers – calling for planned economy  Department of soldiers “civil re-establishment (DSCR)  Offering some form of military pensions , employment programs  Soldiers settlement scheme  Loans to purchase land and farms  Major Sate programs o Mothers Allowances  Money given to solider wives that were hurt in war.  If you were divorced , had property, Japanese you were not included.  Recipients (select few)were closely monitored- they had to have an acceptable household. o Old Age Pensions  Based on how much you make  Less money you make, more you qualify o Mackenzie- committed to full employment insurance , full pensions , etc. didn’t do them  Did none of the above but reduced taxes and tarrifs  This was important because of the Great Depression  1926- 26% labor force was unemployed, because of high level unemployed they need to maintain peace,  o Unemployment insurance World War II an After : growing demands  Wartime economy o Gov’t must always get involved and describe how war will be fought o Used payroll deduction to fund war o Everyone was working during the war o Seen as an alternative to capitalism- workers became more militant and demanded more  Growing consensus that social system would work better than capitalism o More and more people are being attracted to socialism o 2/5 people wanted public ownership of the major industries. Wanted the government to own it o 1943- 29% population would like represented by semi-socialist government CCF. o 28% for liberal and conservatives. o Solutions would be to steal their policies  Keynesian: an alternative for saving capitalism  Comes as a response to the depression.  Keynes – liberal economist  His focus: production creates his own demand o Problem of Depression o Calls for limited planning and intervention into markets o Demand management  King (1941) o Establishes unofficial advisory body on post-war reforms o To make recommendations on housing, social policy , status of women  Marsh Report ( parallel to Beveridge Report in Uk)  Comprehensive social security  Reinforce gender-role division o It assumed t rigid gender division. The Nuclear Family model o Family allowance  It would be good because it would keep women in the house hold  Kept children inschool  Reforms get stalled (1945) o Threat from CCF recedes o Fear that tax raises for corpo Taxation and social speding: background  BNA: Federal – provincial jurisdiction o Part of Federalism  Social services part of provincial jurisdiction  Taxation part of federal jurisdiction (sort of)  Rowell- Sirois Commission (1940)  To look at the finances arrangements in confederation the problem of who has
More Less

Related notes for POLS 3170

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.