Class Notes (838,025)
Canada (510,638)
York University (35,470)
POLS 3255 (11)
Lecture

Jan 14 - Human Rights and the Global Economy – Second Term.docx

35 Pages
165 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Political Science
Course
POLS 3255
Professor
Antonio Torres- Ruiz
Semester
Fall

Description
HumanRightsandtheGlobalEconomySecondTermJan142013ThePoliticalEconomyofHumanRightsEnforcementHowdoglobaleconomyprotectfulfillhumanrightsHowareeconomicfactorsaffectinghumanrightsNewEconomicOrderAfterWWIIwewitnesstheslowconsolidationofanewglobaleconomicordermostlyagainstaftertheSecondWorldWarwhatarethekeyconditionsunderwhichtheseneweconomicorderemergedthSecondhalfof20centurywhenatthesametimewehavethisnewintlhumanrightsregimewecansaysomethingthattheeconomicorderthatwasinformationatthetimehaveaffectedhumanrightseconomicvariablesorinthepastpresentdidtheyfacilitatehumanrightsenforcementWeretheyconducivetohumanrightsfactororcontraryImpedingorchallengingobstacleRemindingourselvesofsomeoftheideaswediscussedsuchasglobalizationandthedistinctionbetweenglobalizationandglobalismGlobalizationprocesswasdefinedbyothereconomicmodelsinthepastmercantilismbutnowitsaboutdifferenteconomicmodelssuchasneoliberalpoliciesWhydowecallitanagendaThereareactorswecanidentifyinspreadingthatagendaonothersinstitutionssuchasIMFWorldBanketcItsnotonlyaboutquantitativeinterconnectednessbutalsoaboutqualitativetransformationscertainkeyideasthatweassociatewithcurrentprocessofglobalizationIncreasinglyitsnotjustabouteconomicsbutdemocracysince1992afterfallofBerlinWallViennaConventiondemocracyanddevelopmentglobalnorthandglobalsouthDemocracyaboutcivilandpoliticalrightswhereasdevelopmentreflectsthesecondgenerationsocialeconomicculturalrightsweseetheconnectionbetweenevolutionofhumanrightsandthecurrentstateofglobaleconomywheredemocracyassociatedwitheconomicagendaThreatofcommunismhasendednotwillingtocontinuetheirsupportformilitaryregimesUSbecauseitwasnotnecessaryanymoreadoptneoliberaleconomicpoliciesbutalsoenforcedemocraticregimenotjustinthesenseofcivillibertyorsharingwealthequallybutintroducingliberaldemocracywithlimitationsletsintroducemechanismswhereofficialsareelectedbythepeopleLiberalMoralandIntellectualLeadershipliberalasoriginatedintheWestputtingemphasisontheindividualtheseneweconomicorderswehavedefiningglobalpoliticaleconomyisbasedonliberalmoralandintellectualleadershipDevelopmentofaHegemonicStructureinorderotkeepthatagendaatthecenteryouneedtohavecertaininstitutionstomakesuretheagendasareimplementedSpecialPrivilegesforTransnationalCapitalderegulationprivatizationreductionofpublicspendingthosewhobenefittedarepeopleinprivatesectorthroughliberalizationofglobaleconomiestransnationalcapitalOfficialPromotionofHumanRightsEnforcementatleastrhetoricallyallthesecountriessubscribetointernationalhumanrightsregimesomethingthatwasnotpromotedduringWWIIduringthistimecolonialismstillexistedeventheUSwhoin1948themeetingforcreationofUNandUDHRstillpracticedsegregationOfficiallybusinessfirmsareincreasinglyexpectedtobesociallyresponsiblemoralandethicalvaluesActorspubliclyembracingHRsregimetouseitaslegitimizingthemselvesthisisadifficulttaskforthoseofustrulycommittedtoHRsbecauseitsaboutthishegemonicstructurethattendstodominatesomuchevenappropriateslanguageofHRsbecomesmoredifficultforadvocateswhoarereallytherefromprotectinghumanbeingstocounterthatbecausetheydonothavethesamepowerKeyCharacteristicsoftheCurrentPhaseofGlobalizationDefinedbyaparticularsetofinterrelatedeconomicandpoliticalstandardsieneoliberalglobalism1Constantexpansionofcapitalrelativelynewtodayallgovernmentspromoteeconomicgrowthnogovernmenttodayarguesinfavorofzerogrowtheveryonewantstodowhatevertheycantomaketheireconomicgrowwheninfactthatisnotreallythecaseyoucanhelpyourpeoplebyredistributionbutnoonereallytalksaboutthispromotionofeconomicgrowth2StatelessformsofcapitalaccumulationglobalfirmshistoricallymodernstatewasassociatedwithaccumulationofcapitalstaterunenterprisesthatpromotedcapitalismglobalfirmsarecentralactorsnotnationalfirmsMNCsTNCssomecorporationshavemoremoneythananationormorepowerdonotnecessarilyhavethesameintereststheydoasgovernments3MobilityofcapitalnotjustaboutprivateentitiesgettingcapitalbutthemovementofthiscapitalafterWWIIUShadpromotedfreetradeamongwesternblocbutthefinancialsystemremainedcontrolledanddomesticallynotreallyopenpeoplecouldnottransfercapitalamongoneanother4Endofthecommunistexperimentsemphasizesthefailureofpastregimesthatdidnotworksuccessfully5Increasedprivationofstatefunctionsiehealtheducationprisonsystemmilitarysomefunctionsareprivatizedthth6Declineofmasspartiesthroughout19centuryfirsthalf20centurymasspartiesdefinedpoliticsinthewestthosewhorepresentthecollectiveadvocatefortheinterestandrightsofthemassgroupWorkersPartywehaveseenthedisappearancebcmostpoliticalpartieshavetendedtomovetothecenteranditshardertodifferentiatebetweentheparties7BreakdownofclasspoliticsincreasinglypoliticalpartiestendnottobeclearlyassociatedwithanyparticularclasseitherworkingclasslabourorbourgeoisinthewesttheonlyclasspoliticiansmentionarethemiddleclassbutthisisinnorthAmericapeopleprefernottotalkaboutclassbecausetheresabeliefthatwehavemovedbeyondthatmodel8DevelopmentofcivilsocietypeoplehavebecomemoreawareofenvironmentdamagetheeconomyhasdoneidentitypoliticshasbecomemoreimportantindigenousgroupsintheAmericas9Ascendanceofindividualrightswehavebecomeawarethateverysinglehumanbeinghasequalrights10DevelopmentofglobalgovernancewearelivinginatimewhereinstitutionshavebeenfoundedcreatedthathaveatleastaglobalreachieUNsystembutalsoWTOICCotherinstitutionsthatintheoryarenotgovernmentsbuthavethecapacitytosetcertainrulesthatappliestoall11DramaticdevelopmentoftelecommunicationtechnologieseasilycommunicatecanhavepositiveimpactonmanydifferentlevelsbutregardlessofpositivenegativeitsafactEconomicTransformationsHistoryoftheglobalpoliticaleconomyinthelast6decadesconcentratingonwhathappensafterColdWarWWIIto1970sFordismandKeynesianModelMaynardKeynespresentandinfluencedcreatingofIMFetcFordismbasedonmassproductionthatwouldreducecostproductionofcarsaccompaniedbyanimportantcompromisebetweencapitalistclassandworkingclasswherebothwouldbenefitintheprocesswhichbecamesolidifiedinthenewmodelKeynesianstatemainactorprovidingforcitizensnewdealhadtodowiththepromotionoftheirownindustriesnotjustaboutfreemarketeconomiestheUSasmanyothercountriesinwesternblocputinplacestrongindustrialpoliciessubsidiestocertainindustriescreditssotheirowneconomiesgrewKeynesianmarketisimportanttomentionnowisthatpeoplearesayingthatweshouldgobackbcitwasaboutgovtinterventionwhentherewasacrisisiewhentheresrecessiongovtpromotemoreetcgoalofallthiswastoreduceinequalitiesallowEuropetorecoverfromthewareventhoughUSwasinvolvedtheydidnotreallysufferintheirownterritoryUStransferredcloseto5ofitsGDPforalmost10yrsfortheEuropeancountriesthroughtheMarshallPlanforthereconstructionofEuropetocreateabufferzoneandcontaincommunismsomethingsimilarhappenedwithJapanNorthKoreaUSmilitarycontrolmaintainitsglobalhegemonicmilitarypowerthisgaveUSalsoamoralleadershipwhatwedefinecurrentglobalizationphasedefenderoffreedomdemocracycapitalismbytransferringresourcestoEuropesolidifiedthatleadershipsuccessfulintakingtheleadershiphoweverthatleadershipwentintoacrisis1970sEconomicCrisesglobalsouthencounterthedominationofimperialpowersbecomingfullyawarethatLatinAmericabecameindependentAfricancountriesindependentby1960scolonialismhascometoanendthroughprocessofindustrializationoneparticularcommoditybecomesmoreandmoreimportantgloballyOILbutonlyavailableinsomepartsoftheworldifyoudonthaveoilyoudependonimportsoryouhavethepowertoforceotherstosupplyiteitheryouinvadetohaveaccesstothatresourceornegotiatewhen
More Less

Related notes for POLS 3255

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit