Class Notes (811,169)
Canada (494,539)
York University (33,712)
POLS 3260 (39)
Lecture 14

POLS 3260- Lecture 14.docx

6 Pages
Unlock Document

York University
Political Science
POLS 3260
Saeed Rahnema

POLS 3260- Lecture 14 October 29, 2013 ISRAEL (cont’d)  Land policy  From the beginning prior to the states establishment Jewish community was passing legislation  5 major legal structures: 1) Absentee Regulation 1950- Any Arab who was not on his land during the first war/ establishment of Israel his land would be confiscated and given to a trustee. Even those Arabs who were in the community/village called present absentee 2) Article 125 of defense regulation 1948- given power to declare an area as a security zone in which no one could enter without a permit 3) Emergency regulation of 1949- declare an area security zone 4) Cultivation of waste lands 1949- lands abandoned or not used taken by the state 5) Emergency land regulation law 1949- to provide accommodation for the new Jewish immigrants and secure 6) Land acquisition law of 1953 – transfer ownership of ex- appropriated land to the state.  Arab land was sizably reduced by this The question of settlement  One of the major issues that took place was in Hebron- now major city for Arabs but in 1967 when Israel took over the region of the West Bank they were moved into hotels in which they called a settlement, they ended up being one of the most radical groups  Led to the division of Hebron in 1997: Hebron is the only Palestinian city where Israelis live within its bounds, not only in settlement around it. Area H1 is where most Israeli settlers of Hebron live. Militants exist they share even one settlement. Jewish are very radical here, 400 Jewish settlers holding very strategic areas.  Israelis cont’d establishing settlements, but now they are mostly in the West Bank  Question of the War: Israel decided to build a wall in the West Bank  Green line separates Israel from the West Bank  In many ways this wall moves into the Palestinian territory for up to 20 km adding territory to Israel  On Gaza there is a fence, between Gaza and Israel, not only the fence but there is 500 m close to the border where Palestinians are not allowed to enter, if anybody does then they will be shot. Gaza is the location where missiles are set towards Israel  Another wall is being built in the Sinai by Israel, non-Jewish population immigrants that want to stay in Israel which creates a problem for Israel  Roads- different for the two populations, different plate numbers/colors  In the check points in recent years Netanya has loosened up on these however still vitally important Israeli political system  Parliamentary democratic system based n proportional representation  130 seats  Parties provide a list and people vote for the list  Whole country is one constituency, all parties can put up to 120 people on the list  They decide the entry point, if you pass the threshold  Opening a party is very simple, parties are mostly for the time of the elections, although they have a continuous life like parties in America  We can divide Israeli political parties to different groups to religious secular and also to left and right  In each elections you see new parties  Important Parties: o Hadash/Ta’al- communist and pro-communist, coalition of Arabs and Jews, most leftist, 4 people in recent election o BALAD- National Democratic Alliance o United Arab List o Meretz- against religion coercion, withdrawl from occupied territories o Labour – two state solution o All of above are left parties  SHAS- non-European ultra-orthodox  LIKUD- Anti Oslo peace process, after 1977 traditional right wing party, came into power at this time, lost some support and in last election this and  Yisrael Beiteinu, national union- merged with LIKUD in last election led by Lieberman (minister of foreign affairs) together achieved 31 seats  Religious right parties: JEWISH Home- new party ultra conservative right wing Zionist party anti-Palestinian  Right Parties  Kadima- lost a lot of seats in the 2013 elections – founded by Sharon and Mofaz, Got 2 seats – biggest blow  Hatunah- Centrist secular formed by a leader from Kadima: Tzepi Livni  Yesh Atid- new party 2013by Lapid, got 19 seats PALESTINE  The area was under control of the Ottomans originally, but when Ottomans lost the war then the British received the mandate  In the past the Jewish and Arabs lived together however with more immigration more conflicts arose  Most important reaction came in 1929 Riots, 1000 supporters of Revisionist party (ultra radical Zionist) demonstrated in Jerusalem demanding religious rights and also demanded the control of the wall (same site of the mosque and dome of the rock so they wanted the control of it and to ruin these two sites) 250 people killed in this  In Hebron Arabs attacked Jews and killed about 60 Jews, confrontation between Jews and Arabs and also Palestinians and British started  In 1933 large demonstration in Java, British intervened and killed several Palestinians  Izzaldin Al Qassam – formed the first guerilla movement against the British, the British killed him in 1935 and he became the first Palestinian Martyr, The name is now the military wing of Hamas named after him  In 1936 Arab leadership declared a general strike, largest strike, British reacted by bringing 20 000 more troops to region to control Arabs  British sent a violent Christians fundamentalist Wingate- who organized night squads that would raid and kill Palestinian  Unit 101 used exactly the same tactic in raiding Jordanian villagers  As a result of conflicts the British started to give out the “white papers” the most important of which was the Peel  1947 waves of violence occurred, Jewish community started forming their own military such as Irgun and LEHI  During the riots of 1937 and 1938: 69 Brits killed 92 Jews and 3778 Palestinians  With rise of fascism in Europe Palestinians were scared and stopped challenging the British because they rather the British to Nazi’s  No more mass uprisings until 1987  Through these wars many Palestinians were displaced either by force or left: expulsion and also decision to leave  Diryasin – village closer to Jerusalem: Irgun people attacked the village and killed over 200 women and children – biggest mas
More Less

Related notes for POLS 3260

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.