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Lecture

lecture_9

2 Pages
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Department
Political Science
Course Code
POLS 3560
Professor
all

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The Global South: Politics, Policy & Development POLS 3560 – Fall/Winter 2011/2012 – Ananya Mukherjee-Reed Lecture 9 – Developmental State – Nov 15 What Explains Growth - Kay: o Relationship between agrarian and industrial structure. o Nature of technological change. o Pattern of structural change. o Intersectoral resource flow. How did South Korea Grow? - Main views o Export-led growth. o State interventionism. o Authoritarianism. Japanese Colonialism (1910-1945) - Colonial educational system. o Japanese language and culture. - Occupation of land. - Industrialization and modernization. Independence - 1948 August, Republic of Korea established. - 1948 September, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea established. o Premier: Kim Il-Sung. - President Rhee Syngman (1948-1960) resigned amid popular protests. - 1961 military coup by Park Chung-Gee. What did Park do? - Land reform. - Confiscate wealth. - Envisioned a transformation from merchant capitalism to industrial capitalism. - Established a bureaucracy and an ‘autonomous’ developmental state. Importance of Land Reform - What are land reforms? - What are the differences between land reforms in Latin America and East Asia? - What is the author’s main argument about land reforms? Difference Between East Asia and Latin America - ‘Squeeze’ agriculture without stifling growth. - How? By curbing the power of the landlords. - In Latin America this was
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