The Global South: Politics, Policy & Development
POLS 3560 – Fall/Winter 2011/2012 – Ananya Mukherjee-Reed
Lecture 12 – Part I – Globalization and Gender – Jan 17
The Gender Inequality
- Make up 2/3 of the world’s illiterate population.
- Comprise 2/3 of the exploited informal workforce.
- Own 1% of the world’s resources and earn 1/10 of the world’s income.
- Occupy only 18% of seats in the world’s parliaments.
- 70% of the world’s poor are women.
- 80% of the world’s refugees are women and girls (UNHCR 2002).
- Violence kills more than twice as many women aged 15-44 every year than do
malaria and war combined (WHO 2005).
What is missing?
- In those definitions of globalization?
- What can a gender perspective tell us we would otherwise miss?
Marchand & Runyan
- ‘What are the gendered constructions of the new global political economy? How
can we reconceptualise global space from a gender perspective? These
questions imply that global restructuring represents nothing less than the
construction, reconstruction, and transformation of categories of knowing, which
tend to produce new gender biases as well as reifying others.’
- Globalization is not ‘natural’ or ‘larger than us’.
- Globalization is a result