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York University
Political Science
POLS 3560

The Global South: Politics, Policy & Development POLS 3560 – Fall/Winter 2011/2012 – Ananya Mukherjee-Reed Lecture 12 – Part I – Globalization and Gender – Jan 17 The Gender Inequality - Make up 2/3 of the world’s illiterate population. - Comprise 2/3 of the exploited informal workforce. - Own 1% of the world’s resources and earn 1/10 of the world’s income. - Occupy only 18% of seats in the world’s parliaments. - 70% of the world’s poor are women. - 80% of the world’s refugees are women and girls (UNHCR 2002). - Violence kills more than twice as many women aged 15-44 every year than do malaria and war combined (WHO 2005). What is missing? - In those definitions of globalization? - What can a gender perspective tell us we would otherwise miss? Marchand & Runyan - Connectedness. - ‘What are the gendered constructions of the new global political economy? How can we reconceptualise global space from a gender perspective? These questions imply that global restructuring represents nothing less than the construction, reconstruction, and transformation of categories of knowing, which tend to produce new gender biases as well as reifying others.’ Human Agency - Globalization is not ‘natural’ or ‘larger than us’. - Globalization is a result
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