POLS 1000 Lecture Notes - Class Conflict, Human Nature, System On A Chip

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Published on 15 Apr 2013
School
York University
Department
Political Science
Course
POLS 1000
Society must mirror the structure of the universe or the universal order of things
This order is the product of a divine being or God
o Will give meaning to the universe
o And indicate where the universe is heading
o If society is a mirror of this universe, society must also be structured
Individuals in all of this must respect and protect these natural institutions because it is
through these natural institutions that we can understand the universe and be truly happy
o Allow for the triumph of the superior principle over the inferior principle
Governments must ensure the peace and stability in order for these natural institutions to
continue to exist
o Has no business encouraging progress or change
2 tools used to socially discipline society
o Education
o Law
Both law and education take time and are slow, inefficient
o Some conservatives will turn to violence both physical and symbolic (censorship, taking away
rights)
Socialisms
The socialist family of thought is diverse
All of the socialisms, have in common 7 basic principles
1. Socialism will share the optimistic perspective of ideology
o Liberals argue that nature is abundant and that nature offered to human beings, who follow
the laws of nature, the possibility of being happy
o Socialists agree that nature is expressed as an order that contains its own laws and they
agree that these laws must be obeyed
o Humans must respect the laws of nature
o Human nature itself is good and by following your own nature individuals can ensure their
own well being
o By ensuring your own well being, you are actually helping to collectively ensure the well
being of all
o Here, we can say that the starting point of social will mirror the starting point of liberalism
2. Contrary to liberalism, socialism does not give the priority to the individual
o Individual - a self-sufficient entity
o For liberalism the individual always comes before society and because of this there is a
natural priority given to the individual in liberal thought
o Liberals argue that society does not exist but the individual does
o Socialist reject this idea but acknowledge that all human beings are individuals; argue that
individuals are inherently social beings
o Socialists say it is impossible to separate the individuals from society; individuals live
naturally in society so we cannot reduce individuals to self-sufficient beings
o We are naturally social beings so we actively live in society and actively live with others
o For socialists we need others in order to fulfill our potential
o Without others we could not develop our talents and we cannot be recognized of our talents;
we need others to become better, we need others to recognize who we are
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Document Summary

Society must mirror the structure of the universe or the universal order of things. This order is the product of a divine being or god: will give meaning to the universe, and indicate where the universe is heading. If society is a mirror of this universe, society must also be structured. Governments must ensure the peace and stability in order for these natural institutions to continue to exist: has no business encouraging progress or change. 2 tools used to socially discipline society: education, law. Both law and education take time and are slow, inefficient: some conservatives will turn to violence both physical and symbolic (censorship, taking away rights) The socialist family of thought is diverse. In this instance, soc was implemented from the top of society. Few had control of the decision making process. As for soc demo, we can say that it was the type of politics prominent in wwii to.

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