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Lecture 6

Lecture 6 - Metics, Women, and Resistance


Department
Political Science
Course Code
POLS 1000
Professor
Martin Breaugh
Lecture
6

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Lecture 6 Metics, Women, and Renaissance
Metics
o Foreigners or resident aliens of Athens
o Integral part of the polis
o Contribute to the economic well being of Athenian democracy
o Confined to the private sphere, necessity and economic needs (oikos)
Cannot partake in the affairs of the city
Politics and business don’t mix
o Could be called upon to fight for the polis
o Set of responsibilities within the polis
Special direct taxes
Find an Athenian citizen willing to sponsor/act as a guarantor
Officially registered as a metic
o In certain exceptional circumstances metics could be granted citizenship (rare,
complicated process) Processobstacles
Naturalization is not a administrative affair, it was a legislative matter
Assembly has to vote twice, second vote requires a quorum of
6000 citizens, taken by secret ballot, to avoid corruption etc
Reward a metic
o Greek common sense holds a insurmountable difference between Greeks and
non-Greeks, they did not know human rights, or ideas of humanity that’s
common to all of us
Women
o Confined to the private sphere (oikos)
o Responsible for smooth running of domestic life
In charge of the slaves
o Women were to be as discreet as possible, Heracles “women must be invisible”
o Most difficult of all
o Cannot leave the household, cannot see other men except for relatives/spouse
o Young girls under authority of father, when married, fall under authority of
husband, throughout their lives women were treated like minors
o No contact with the social, political, and sentimental life of men
o Not even the principal object of spouse’s love desire (men fucks concubines)
o Cook, raise children, and family unit, stay quiet
o For Aristotle, the fate of women like slaves, is decided by nature, do have access
to reason
o Although being inferior to men, they were not to be treated like slaves
o Inferiority of women within polis has to do with that the polis is often at war
Exclusion of women from public sphere that precisely permits the public
sphere to exist, you have to exclude women
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