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Lecture 2

POLS 3136 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Substantive Law, Statutory Law, Procedural Law


Department
Political Science
Course Code
POLS 3136
Professor
Danny O' Rourke- Dicarlo
Lecture
2

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POLS 3136 - Lecture 2
September 20
Discussing the foundations:
Bill of rights → not the bill of rights,
Why is it important to have it in the Constitution?
Function of our Charter
Why is it important to have the Charter
Constitution is a master law! By master law we mean there is no higher source of law than
Constitution.
Constitution has 3 sources
1. BNA Act 1867
2. Constitution Act 1982
3. Charter
Laws and statutes can change with more laws and statutes, but the Constitution can only be
amendment which is difficult
Constitution cannot be changed
What do these sources in Canada look like?
Charter:
Charter codifies your rights and freedoms against government → its function
Charter protects liberty and rights of citizens from government - actions of government and
limitations
Charter provides limits for creating laws
It provides limitation for administration and enforcement of law
Substantive law → creation of law
Charter deals with procedural law and substantive law.
Court is not enacted unless we ask it
Courts don't have a policing function to review all the laws
Charter can be used to challenge the existing laws
Search and seizure must be reasonable for police
Up until the challenge the law is valid
Deals with debility of law and government action
Charter is our only insurance
Charter protects your rights, gives you legal rights before the law
How do you know you have your rights?
- You know that right exists because it's written down
- They have limitations
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