PSYC 1010 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Classical Conditioning, Observational Learning

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Published on 5 Feb 2013
Department
Course
Professor
PSYC 1010
October 20, 2011
Lecture 5 : Behavioural Approach
Material for Test 2 Begins here
General Definition
Overt behaviour (observable)
Determines the antecedents and consequences
“Learning”
o It’s a relatively durable change in behaviour that occurs as a recall of practise ]
Performing
o Doing what one has learned
Performing vs. Learning
o Often people perform well because they have learned something, but it doesn’t
necessarily go the other way around
Three Types of Learning
Conditioning (Pavlov)
Operant of Instrumental Learning
Observational learning
o See and learn
Classical Conditioning
Unconditioned Response (UR)
o A response (R) that is reflexive or automatic and not under our voluntary control
Unconditioned Stimulus (US)
o A stimulus that provokes and elicits an UR
Conditioned Stimulus (CS)
o Any stimulus that is paired with a US that eventually triggers a response
Conditioned Response (CR)
o The response elicited by the UR
EXAMPLES
o Pavlov
(US) food (UR) Salivation
But bell presented as (CS) because of pairing with food... Starts as neutral but
changes
(CS) Bell (CR) Salivation
o Human
(US) Slap (UR) Flinch
HOWDY + SLAP
(CS) Howdy (CR) Flinch
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