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Lecture 7

Lecture 7 Conditioned and Unconditioned Responses.docx

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 1010
Professor
Jill Bee Rich
Semester
Winter

Description
PSYC 1010 Lecture 7 Contiguity  When two STIMULI (S) occur close together in time. They become associated with one another  TEST! Pavlov Believed 2 things about contiguity o For conditioning to occur, US and CS must be contiguous o If any CS and US are paired, conditioning will occur  Challenges to his beliefs o X-rays  Nausea o (7hr delay) Solution  Nausea o Thus, this disagrees with Pavlov Prepared learning  Garcia’s Experiments o First  Above experiment o Second  Water/light/noise  Shock (UR)  Water  No effect  Light  Fear (CR)  Noise  Fear (CR)  Generally, it just disagreed with Pavlov’s second Operant Conditioning/Experimental Conditioning  Skinner did not discover it, but he did most of the studies o Thus he is given credit for it  Generally, it defines if you will or will not repeat an action in the future  Major Elements o Stimulus  Anything that triggers a response o Response  Voluntary responses (in your control whether or not you will engage in a certain way, shape and form) o Consequences  Positive Punishment  Negative Punishment  Positive enforcement (Sr+)  When something pleasant is added to a situation and this increases the probability of the response reoccurring PSYC 1010  Factors that Influence the Effectiveness of Sr+ o Magnitude of the Sr+ o Immediacy of the Sr+ o Pattern/Schedule of reinforcement (how often does it occur)  Explana
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