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Lecture

three types of learning.doc

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 1010
Professor
Rebecca Jubis
Semester
Winter

Description
← three types of learning ← 1. classical conditioning : automatic feelings or reflexes ← 2.operant conditioning ← 3. cognitive learning • observational learning ← ← conditioning: learning through association ← • food and bell > bell eventually could make dog salivate without food o need to be able to pick out and identifying one of 4 concepts of classical condition • ← 1. unconditional response ( UR / respondent behavior) • involuntary response • reflexive res that require no previous learning o if someone blows dust in your eye you automatically blink ← 2. unconditioned stimulus : a stimulus that perceives that precedes and elicits ( triggers) an UR ← 3. conditional stimulus: any stimulus that is paired with unconditional stimulus and eventually triggers a CR ← 4. conditioned response (CR): the R elected by the CS. It’s same as the UR. ← ← ← (US) food Salivation (UR) ← ( neutral ) Bell + food ← ← (CS) bell salivation (CR) • the bell salivation because it is paired with food : Classical condition o they are not used at the same time. ← ← ← ← ← ← ← ← (US) slap flinch (UR) ← ( neutral ) uncle saying hello + slap ← ← (CS) bell salivation (CR) ← ← ← Phobias ← Fear of something through observational learning • Classical conditioning • It depends on the individual differences • Prepared learning • Will not on their own disappear, need therapy. ← ← Watson: we need to be studying observable behavior. ← ← ← ← (US) gong fear (UR) ← ( neutral ) mouse + gong ← ← (CS) mouse fear (CR) ← ← Higher order conditioning • Taking your typical classical conditioning and going one step further.  When a well established condition stimulus one (CS1) starts acting as though it works an US and is alike to bring the CR under the control of another CS2. ← ← (US) food salivation (UR) ← ( neutral ) bell + food ← ← (CS1) bell salivation (CR) (CS2) light+ bell ← when you present the light by itself then you will still get a salivation (CR) ← ← why is the light triggering salivation? ← the light has be previously with the bell and bell was associated with food and food produce
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