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Psychology Lecture # 8.docx

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PSYC 1010
Rebecca Jubis

November 07, 2012 Psychology Lecture # 8  Punishment may suppress unwanted behavior  Punishment: 1) Should be immediate – like reinforces - Example: If you have a pet and you are trying to train it and it does something wrong than you would immediately punish the pet 2) It should be consistent  If punishment is going to be used it shouldn’t be ethical  Skinner argues if you want to get rid of behavior you shouldn’t use punishment but reinforce acceptable behavior  Alternatives: - Reinforce an alternative acceptable behavior - Ignore the unwanted behavior - When someone misbehaves they expect punishment for attention - Reasoning Social behavior (Module 43-46)  Social psychology – involves the study of human behavior in social settings - Sub divided into 2 sub sections 1) Social Cognition – the study of the way we perceive and evaluate others - Making attributions – when someone behaves trying to figure out if its something intentional 2) Social Influence – studies the way people influence each other behaviors and attitudes - There are 2 types: Obedience and helping behavior  Obedience – agreeing to someone else’s command or request, except you have an actual authority figure  Compliance – meeting with the rules  Conformity – adjusting your behavior or thinking to coincide with a group standard  Milgram – social psychologist - Prompt his study of obedience couldn’t believe that people comply to Hitler’s commands - You had an ad put in the newspaper made, people believed punishments on learning 1) Remote Condition – 65% fully obedient to the experiment 2) Voice Feedback – 62.5% 3) Proximity – 40% were still fully obedient 4) Touch Proximity – where the teacher took learners arm put it on the grid to get shocked 30% 5) No contact whatsoever – 100%  Experiment proximity – dropped from 65% to 22% - What would happen when experimenter in different room and delivered commands via intercom  What factors influences our willingness to stay?  Factors that affect willingness to obey 1) Social Norms – things acceptable in society o Example: Holding the door open for person behind you; saying please, your welcome, thank you etc.…. - Milgram argued that social norm is not breaking an agreement 2) Surveillance – when you have experimenter looking over teacher than most likely to obey 3) Buffer – separation – when experimenter is in a different room from a teacher - The few the buffers the less likely the obedience 4) Responsibility – 93% subjects fully obedient - Subject (Teacher)  pull switch - Actor  deliver shock 5) Importance of Science – studies conducted at Yale University - Went from 65% to 48% when surrounding didn’t look scientific in nature  Milgram was criticized for causing long term stress and side effects  Compliance without Pressure – Milgram studied more obedience - Example: After class have someone drive you home (downtown) and you ask them if they mind dropping you off at the subway but then as you approach the subway you ask them to drop you home. The driver is more likely to say yes than when asked upfront. This is called Foot in the Door 1) Foot in the Door Technique – people are more willing to comply to longer request when they first agree to a smaller request 2) Door in the Face Tech
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