PSYC 1010 – Lecture 2
Chapter 1 & 2: Theories & Research Methods
Biological: How physiology affects thoughts and behavior.
Cognitive: How your mind (conscious thoughts) influences behavior. (Took shape
in the early 1950’s)
Psychodynamic: How the unconscious influences behavior.
How childhood can express itself later on in adulthood.
Behavioral: first proponents of using a scientific approach to studying behavior.
Skinner: Environment shapes your behavior.
Humanistic: Breathe of fresh air within psychology.
Freedom of choice and actualization of the self as determinants of behavior.
Evolutionary Model for Human Behavior: Your behavior is a product of
challenges faced centuries ago. (Genetics)
How the behavior initially solved an adaptive problem and increased chance of
Positive Psychology: Using theory and research to better understand the positive
adaptive and growth promoting aspects to human existence. (Page.22).
Positive experiences lead to success in life based on research and studies.
Biological Vulnerability: Genetics translate to a neurochemical imbalance in the
One can have a genetic disposition, but there has to be a trigger or interaction with
Cognitive Vulnerability: Self-blame
Think that you have a negative influence on everything.
2 Themes: relationships & research methods.
Psychoanalytic: Overly harsh superego.
Unresolved grief over early lose.
Freud: the importance of the past.
Anger turned inward.
Humanistic View: Not seeing a meaning or purpose to your life.
Key factor: Pressure
Failure to actualize yourself.
Behavioral View: Lower social support.
Depression pushes people away and not be convinced that life is good and