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Lecture #5.docx

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PSYC 1010
Rebecca Jubis

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Lecture #5 (Freud) Fixation: Being “fixed” at a particular stage. Sometimes it occurs because the child likes the stage and all their needs are being met. Another reason is, if your needs are not being met so you stay a little longer to see if your needs with me gratified. Regression (defense mechanism): -If a situation is frustrating during the genital stage, the person might regress or revert to earlier stages. -If we become frustrated about something, we can go back and engage in behaviours that you will see in earlier stages oPsychosexual Development. Ex and adult biting their nails or when a child gets a new sibling they might start wetting the bed again. Defense mechanisms: Neurotic anxiety: considered not normal. Is produced by fear that the ego will not have adequate control over the id and that id impulses will surface. Neurotic anxiety Ego Defence mechanisms Id o Unconscious o Provide and indirect release of id energy o When the id energy is released, anxiety is reduced Some defense mechanisms: Denial: Refusing to believe a reality that creates anxiety. Ex forgetting a test was on a certain day when the test is really important. Repression: You block from awareness painful emotions. You make something unconscious. You don’t actively try to do this, it just happens on its own. Projection: Perceiving personal characteristics in others that you cannot admit in yourself. Someone has a personal trait that brings them anxiety and to reduce that anxiety they say someone else has that trait not them. Ex. I’m not jealous, you are or I don’t gossip, you do. Displacement (scapegoating): when you direct your feelings or actions, not to the original source but to a substitute target. Ex. Having a bad day and getting angry at your mom when she asks how your day was. Reaction formation: Where you cover up your true unconscious feelings by acting in the opposite way. Ex. Your ex leaves you for another girl and you invite them to dinner so you can meet her. Rationalization: You make up a rational explanation to reduce your anxiety. What you’re making up is not true. Ex. Not studying for a test and then doing bad, rationalizi
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