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PSYC 1010
Rebecca Jubis

PSYC 1010 REBECCA JUBIS STRESS BIOPSYCHOSOCIAL APPROACH - Major threat to health had to do with disease (tuberculosis); nowadays threat to health is from chronic diseases (cancer, stoke etc.) o Biological factors; infectious agents, environmental factors, genetic predisposition, physiological, immune response o Psychological (behavioral) factors; stress, coping tactics, personality, health-related habits, reactors to illness o Social (system) factors; social support, health education, pollution control, sanitization, medical care HEALTH PSYCHOLOGY: concerned with the causes, treatment and precondition of illness STRESS: a disruption in psychological and physiological functioning that occurs when an event is perceived as a threat to our goals and when we cannot cope with the stressor  It’s not so much that a stimulus/stressor is going to cause stress, its how the individual interprets the situation (as a challenge or as a threat) that leads to different kinds of consequences - Stress is always interpreted as a negative thing, but stress can be a good thing because it helps you get things done (when you are under pressure) TYPES OF STRESS 1) Frustration  Occurs when the pursuit of some goal is blocked  Most frustrations are brief and mild e.g. your car breaking down, being stuck in traffic, someone cutting you in line 2) Conflict  Two goals that cannot be completed at the same time 3) Pressure a) Expectations and demands that you behave in a certain way e.g. pressure to perform (keeping your grades up), a sales person having to reach their quota --> pressure are put on by other people, but many pressures are self imposed b) Peer pressure c) Time Pressures 4) Life Changes  Any changes in one’s living circumstances that require readjustment  The adjustment can be stressful o Is there a relationship between stress and subsequent illness?  Either stress causes subsequent illness  Or subsequent illness causes stress  Holmes & Rahe; Social Readjustment Rating Scale  Helps to identify people who are at high risk for stress related problems. It contains a list of major life events that require readjustment or change o Came up with 43 events- had to rank them (which ones produce the most change, and in turn the most stress) o LCU (Life Change Unit)  Marriage =50 LCUs, person looks at list whichever you experienced within the last year you tally up the total of all events that apply to you (and that will tell you if you are going to develop a health problem within 1 or 2 years)  PROBLEM: Assumes that everyone is in the same category
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