Behavioural approach - ch.6 They include everything needed to know about types of conditioning

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Published on 16 Oct 2011
School
York University
Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 1010
Professor
28 October 2010
Lecture #6
Types of Conditioning
1) Classical conditioning
2) Operant or Instrumental
3) Observant Learning
Classical Conditioning (Pavlov)
1) Unconditioned Response (UR or UCR)
a. a response (R) that is automatic or reflexive or involuntary
2) Unconditioned stimulus (US)
a. A stimulus that precedes and elicits (triggers) an unconditioned response
3) Conditioned stimulus (CS)
a. Any stimulus that is paired with the unconditioned stimulus and that eventually elicits a
response that is identical to the unconditioned response (UR)
4) Conditioned Response (CR)
a. Response elicited by the conditioned stimulus and it’s identical to the unconditioned
response (UR)
Pavlov’s dog Basic form of classic conditioning
Food (US) -> Salvation (UR) US ( ) ->( ) UR
Bell + food +
Bell (CS) -> salvation (CR) CS ( )->( ) CR
Delay conditioning - CS comes a little before US but they are taken away at the same time (best)
Simultaneous - CS and US introduced and taken away at the same time (okay)
Trace Conditioning - CS introduced before US, there is a gap that separated both stimuli (not very good)
The smaller the time interval between the stimuli the better the chance of conditioning
Backward Conditioning Opposite of delay conditioning US introduced first. (not good)
Phobias
Watson
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Document Summary

Types of conditioning: classical conditioning, operant or instrumental, observant learning. Food (us) -> salvation (ur) us ( ) ->( ) ur. Bell (cs) -> salvation (cr) cs ( )->( ) cr. Delay conditioning - cs comes a little before us but they are taken away at the same time (best) Simultaneous - cs and us introduced and taken away at the same time (okay) Trace conditioning - cs introduced before us, there is a gap that separated both stimuli (not very good) The smaller the time interval between the stimuli the better the chance of conditioning. Backward conditioning opposite of delay conditioning us introduced first. (not good) When well established (cs) starts acting as though it were as us and is able to bring the cr under the control of a cs2. (us) food -> salvation (ur) Bell + food (cs2) bell -> salvation (cr)

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