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Memory Lecture covering memory. Topics include: cognitive vs. behaviouristic approach, information processing approach to memory, working memory model, short term memory, and long term memory. Some diagrams included.

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PSYC 1010
Rebecca Jubis

Memory Behaviouristic ApproachInterested in overt behaviour Stresses the StimulusResponse relationship Cognitive ApproachStresses the SOR relationshipCognitions occur between the stimulus and response These cognitions are deliberations such as predictions expectations interpretations and evaluations which can be based on experienceTwo main assumptions 1 Internal processes are as important are as important as external ones 2 Cognitive processes are organized Kohler 1925 Insight The sudden understanding of how to solve a problem Information Processing Approach to MemoryInputprocessing outputStimulusmemory systemrecallretrieval Sensory Short Term Long Term Stimulus Retrieval store Memory Memory Sensory memory preserves information in its original sensory form for a short period of time The sensation of the stimulus lingers briefly after the stimulus is removed The information decays if it doesnt become part of short term memoryYou need to pay attention in order for it to be a stimulus Pattern recognition gives meaning to stimuli and symbols Short Term MemoryContains information that we are consciously aware of or working onCan hold information for 1520 secondsHas a limited capacity and can hold 72 pieces of information memory spanWorks on a buffer systemInformation is displaced if it doesnt become part of long term memoryChunk a meaningful unit of information
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