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Psychological Disorders Lecture covering psychological disorders. Topics covered: the medical model, diagnosis, neurotic disorders, and mood disorders.

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York University
PSYC 1010
Rebecca Jubis

Psychological Disorders Medical Model  Mental illnesses should be treated like physical illnesses. 4 Major Criteria for Defining Abnormal Behaviour 1. Statistical Frequency 2. Deviation from Social Norms 3. Maladaptive behaviour is considered abnormal 4. Psychological distress Diagnostic & Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) Diagnosing The process of matching people’s symptoms to pre-established categories of psychological disorders (DSM). It’s the basis for selecting therapy and making a prognosis. Multiaxial System of Diagnosing Axis I – Used to record the disorder from the DSM Axis II – Used to record personality disorders and mental retardation Axis III – Used to record medical disorders. Axis IV – Estimates the severity of stressful life events. Axis V – Estimates the highest level of adaptive functioning in social, occupational, and leisure activities. Problems with Diagnosing  Self-fulfilling prophecy  Social stigma  Can “colour one’s perceptions” Rosenham 1973 It’s clear we cannot distinguish psychological disord
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