Psychological Disorders Lecture covering psychological disorders. Topics covered: the medical model, diagnosis, neurotic disorders, and mood disorders.
Mental illnesses should be treated like physical illnesses.
4 Major Criteria for Defining Abnormal Behaviour
1. Statistical Frequency
2. Deviation from Social Norms
3. Maladaptive behaviour is considered abnormal
4. Psychological distress
Diagnostic & Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM)
The process of matching people’s symptoms to pre-established categories of psychological disorders
(DSM). It’s the basis for selecting therapy and making a prognosis.
Multiaxial System of Diagnosing
Axis I – Used to record the disorder from the DSM
Axis II – Used to record personality disorders and mental retardation
Axis III – Used to record medical disorders.
Axis IV – Estimates the severity of stressful life events.
Axis V – Estimates the highest level of adaptive functioning in social, occupational, and leisure activities.
Problems with Diagnosing
Can “colour one’s perceptions”
It’s clear we cannot distinguish psychological disord