PSYC 1010 Lecture Notes - Type A And Type B Personality Theory, Circulatory System

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Published on 16 Oct 2011
School
York University
Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 1010
Professor
Stress, Coping, & Health
Biopsychosocial Model
Stress
A disruption in psychological and physiological functioning that occurs when an event is perceived as a
threat to our goals and when we cannot cope with the stressor.
Major Types of Stress
1. Frustration: Occurs when the pursuit of some goal is blocked.
2. Conflict: When difficult decisions need to be made.
3. Pressure: Expectations or demands that you behave in a certain way. Has a strong effect on
psychological well being. Can have a negative effect on mental performance.
4. Life changes: Any changes in one’s living circumstances that require readjustment, whether
these changes are positive or negative.
Social Readjustment Rating Scale (Holmes & Rahe)
Helps identify people who are at high risk for stress-related problems.
It contains a list of major life events that require adjustment.
Daily Hassles
Frequent and minor hassles are better predictors of immediate day-to-day emotional and physical
health than major life events. Major life events produce changes in health 1 or 2 years after the event.
Psychosomatic Specificity Hypothesis
Is there a relationship between “ways of reacting to stress” and the development of “specific illnesses?”
Type A Personality
Is a syndrome which involves self imposed stress and intense reactions to stress.
Main characteristics:
- Extreme competitiveness
- Time-urgency
- Impatience
- Anger
- Hostility: Involves moodiness, being suspicious, distrusting and resentful. They are easy to
anger and very critical.
Show over arousal of the immune and autonomic nervous systems.
Why is Type A associated with coronary risks?
1. Drastic fluctuations in physiological reactivity wear down the cardiovascular system.
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Document Summary

A disruption in psychological and physiological functioning that occurs when an event is perceived as a threat to our goals and when we cannot cope with the stressor. Major types of stress: frustration: occurs when the pursuit of some goal is blocked, conflict: when difficult decisions need to be made, pressure: expectations or demands that you behave in a certain way. Has a strong effect on psychological well being. Can have a negative effect on mental performance: life changes: any changes in one"s living circumstances that require readjustment, whether these changes are positive or negative. Helps identify people who are at high risk for stress-related problems. It contains a list of major life events that require adjustment. Frequent and minor hassles are better predictors of immediate day-to-day emotional and physical health than major life events. Major life events produce changes in health 1 or 2 years after the event.

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