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Lecture Notes Lecture notes for Thursday February 3rd, 2011.

Course Code
PSYC 1010
Rebecca Jubis

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February 3, 2011
Lecture Notes
Cognitive Perspective to I.Q.
- Intelligent tests were meant to put a number on how intelligent a person is (how much
knowledge/intelligence they have)
- The more recent cognitive perspective is what people do with the amount of intelligence they
- Some people argue it depends on what you do with the knowledge you have that determines
your intelligence level
- Cognitive perspective focuses on the process of I.Q. rather than on the amount
- Experiential sub theory: how our past experience affects our intelligence and how our
intelligence affects how we experience things
- Componential sub theory: specifies the cognitive processes that underlie intelligent behaviour,
Sternberg further subdivided this theory into three different parts (Meta components,
knowledge-acquisition components, and performance components)
- He says that we have three facts of intelligence: analytical intelligence, practical intelligence and
creative intelligence
- Analytical intelligence: being book smart, the type of education and knowledge you need to do
well in school
- Creative intelligence: he acknowledges that such a thing exists, it refers to a person’s ability to
generate new ideas that are unique and useful
- Practical intelligence: refers to the type of intelligence we need to solve problems that we
encounter on a day to day basis (things like information that is not taught but learned through
experience and then put into practice in everyday situations)
- Sternberg argues that there is three different types of intelligence
- Gardner argues that there is eight different types of intelligences (logical-mathematical,
linguistic, musical, spatial, bodily-kinesthetic, interpersonal, naturalist, emotional)
Emotional Intelligence (developed by Goleman in 1990)
- Published his book in 1995 and that’s when the idea become more well known
- Has similarities to Gardner’s ideas of interpersonal intelligence
- It consists of the ability to perceive and express emotion and to assimilate emotion in thought,
your ability to understand and reason with emotion and regulate emotion
- People with emotional intelligence are able to accurately perceive the emotions they are feeling
and perceive emotions with other people too
- Being in touch with emotions of oneself and others
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