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Lecture

PSYC 1010 Lecture Notes - Contiguity, Operant Conditioning, Reinforcement


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 1010
Professor
Rebecca Jubis

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PSYCH1010
11.11.2010
Pavlov
- Contiguity when 2 stimuli occur close together in time, they become associated.
- Pavlov believed 2 things about contiguity
o For Contiguity to occur the US and CS must be contiguous
o If ANY US + CS are paired conditioning will occur
- (US) X-ray Nausea (UR)
- (CS) Solution Nausea (CR)
- Garcia Effect:
o (US) Xray Nausea (UR)
o (CS) Water/lightness + Xray
Water nausea (CR)
Light X
Noise X
o (US) Shock Fear (UR)
Water/Light/noise + Shock
Water X
Light Fear (CR)
Noise Fear (CR)
Operant Conditioning (Skinner)
- Learning through consequences
o 3 Elements
Stimulus
Voluntary Response
Consequences
Positive reinforce
Negative reinforce
Positive punishment
Negative Punishment
o Positive Reinforce (Sr2)
When something pleasant is added to the situation, and this increases
the probability of the response reoccurring.
Factors that influence the effectiveness of the Sr2
One Factor is the Magnitude of the Sr2.
Second factor is the immediacy of the Sr2.
Scheduling of Sr2
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