PSYC 1010 Lecture Notes - Contiguity, Operant Conditioning, Reinforcement
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- Contiguity when 2 stimuli occur close together in time, they become associated.
- Pavlov believed 2 things about contiguity
o For Contiguity to occur the US and CS must be contiguous
o If ANY US + CS are paired conditioning will occur
- (US) X-ray Nausea (UR)
- (CS) Solution Nausea (CR)
- Garcia Effect:
o (US) Xray Nausea (UR)
o (CS) Water/lightness + Xray
Water nausea (CR)
o (US) Shock Fear (UR)
Water/Light/noise + Shock
Light Fear (CR)
Noise Fear (CR)
Operant Conditioning (Skinner)
- Learning through consequences
o 3 Elements
o Positive Reinforce (Sr2)
When something pleasant is added to the situation, and this increases
the probability of the response reoccurring.
Factors that influence the effectiveness of the Sr2
One Factor is the Magnitude of the Sr2.
Second factor is the immediacy of the Sr2.
Scheduling of Sr2
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