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Behavioural Approach Lecture Notes Clear and concise notes taken during lecture. (Received an A)

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York University
PSYC 1010
Rebecca Jubis

Behavioural Approach  Behaviours are determined by environmental factors or past learning experiences  Interested at looking at overt behaviour, its antecedents and consequences  Learning: A relatively durable change in behaviour that occurs as a result of experience or practice Classical Conditioning (Pavlov)  Unconditioned response (UR) o Response that is automatic, reflexive or involuntary  Unconditioned stimulus (US) o Stimulus that precedes and elicits the UR  Conditioned stimulus (CS) o Stimulus that is paired with the US and that eventually elicits a response identical to the UR  Conditioned response (CR) o Response that is elicited by a CS and is identical to the unconditioned response Delay conditioning  The bell is presented before the food Simultaneous conditioning  Both stimuli are presented at the same time  Not very effective Trace conditioning  The two stimuli are presented one after another with no overlap  Can be effective but the gap between the two events should be low Backward conditioning  The food is presented before the bell  Usually will not lead to classical conditioning Phobias  Evolutionarily advantageous  Watson: “Can I create a phobia?” o In short, yes (mouse and gong) Higher-Order conditioning  When a well-established CS1 starts acting like an US and is able to bring the CR under the control of CS2 Stimulus Generalization  ACR occurs in response to other stimuli that are similar to the original CS used in training Stimulus Discrimination  ACR is elicited only in response to a CS that was paired with the US during training Extinction  Keep ringing the bell (CS) without the food (US) over a period of time and the CS will elicit a co
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