Psych 101 notes
Required Textbook: Weeiten, W. & McCann, D. (2013). Psychology: Themes and Variations (3 Canadiand
Friday: 10-5 tutorfree
Office Hours: Behavioural Science Building (BSB): Room 277
Lecture 1 notes:
Culture influences the brain, and helps develop it.
Heredity and environment: Both of them work together to create positives and negatives, trigger genes
and play a role in shaping our behavior:
People’s experience of the world is highly subjective: We all have biases by the way we see the world.
Everyone sees everything from their own perspective.
The evolution of Psychology:
Wilhelm Wundt: (the beginning)He would put people in a dark room. He would show them a triangle
(illuminated) and ask them what they were seeing, what they felt about it. He put psychology in a
scientific, and not just philosophical practice. He used scientific laboratories to conduct experiments and
carry out psychological tests. Founder of psychology. His stuff are not read anymore
William James: Influenced by Charle’s Darwin. Rather than studying the structure, he studied how the
brain helps us survive, how does it lead to us having advantages , how does consciousness function to
improve our survival. He said that, what the structures are doing is useless. He looked at the business of
how the mind helps us adapt to the world. The idea of the function of the brain became more popular
John B. Watson: not very interested in the thics of psychology. He believed in the scientific method. He
was annoyed that up to this point people were studying stuff that they couldn’t observe. He thought
that psychology should be limited to observable stuff, such as behavior. Ignored consciousness. He
believed that we have certain biological potentials, but it is the environment that makes us different from each other. He believed, it is the situation that you’ve been put in that makes you who you are.
Situational factors influence behavior. Observable behavior is only what he thought what mattered.
Sigmund Freud: He studied people with real problems. People aren’t fully aware of what makes them