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Lecture 4

PSYC 1010 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Psychoanalytic Theory, Psychoanalysis, Preconscious


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 1010
Professor
Rebecca Jubis
Lecture
4

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PSYC 1010
September 28, 2018
Lecture 4
Freud (1856 - 1939)
The Psychoanalytic Perspective
Review:
Biopsychosocial perspective
We look at 3 aspects and how they affect our behavior and mental processes
Perspectives:
Neuroscience, evolutionary, genetics, cognitive
Psychodynamic Approach
Derived from Freud’s Psychoanalytic theory
The emphasis on unconscious processes
Got rid of some approaches or changed them around
Freud
Analysis of the psyche (the mind)
Started off with a career in medicine, and research in cocaine, and actually did coke
Given credit for psychotherapy
Psychoanalysis, based on his theory of behavior
Strange theories of the time
People in medicine thought he was a quack
His ideas gained popularity, and even today his ideas and concepts stay in current
and contemporary psychology
Not something a lot of psychologists like; it’s practically impossible to test his theory
He is the one who put importance on the unconscious
The influence of childhood experience: he talked about motivation, defense
mechanisms
Quite an influence on the layperson; they have heard something about Freud
Psychoanalytic Theory
Instincts
Referring to a kind of mental energy; this instinctual energy can build up and
create tension
Two types
Life instincts
Death instincts
Any instincts that related to biological needs; sex instincts being a life instinct
We are born with these instincts
We have a tendency toward aggressive behavior and destruction, and we
have to control these death instincts

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The Structures of Personality
The Id:
The structure that contains the instincts
The only structure present at birth
Impossible to discern if the Id is the only structure at birth
Irrational and amoral
All that the Id is interested in is pleasures
The Id strives for immediate gratification
The Id is based on the pleasure principle
It is Unconscious; no contact with reality
The Ego
Develops at around 13-15 months of age
Is in contact with reality
Helps the Id become satisfied in socially acceptable ways
Strives for a delay in gratification
The ego is based on the reality principle
In touch with reality
The Superego
Emerges from the Ego at around 4 years of age
Allows for self-control
Seeks perfection; irrational as well. You’ve got to be perfect and moral at all
times.
Tries to block all gratification
Superego is based on the Moral Principal
Contains your conscience
Depending on which one of these wins determines your personality
Conscious
Things you are aware of; your awareness
Preconscious
Not actively thinking about, but easy to think about and retrieve information
What you did last Friday night
Did not take a lot of effort to pull out information
Mental events can become conscious through attention
Unconscious
Information that you cannot easily retrieve
Psychoanalysis brings the unconscious to consciousness
The Id is completely unconscious
Mental events more or less unavailable to consciousness
5 Stages of Psychosexual Development
Sex or sexual may not be what we think it means
According to Freud, the term sexual refers to many urges for physical pleasure
The major component of the Id are these sexual and aggressive impulses/urges
Each of these stages has an erogenous zone
Zones that need pleasure producing stimulation to reduce tension
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