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November 11, 2013 Modules 15,16.docx

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PSYC 1010
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Psychology 1010 – Modules 15,16 Monday November 11, 2013 Module 15 -Lifespan perspective: refers to the idea that development is a lifelong process -the next stage in life after childhood is adolescence -Physical development: puberty, rapid maturation in which person becomes capable of reproduction • Some changes in mood and behaviour • Height changes (girls get taller because they hit puberty first then guys usually grow taller) -maturing early can have increased social advantages and also increased expectations and risks -Adolescent brain development: during puberty, the brain stops automatically making new connections, but more efficient by rewiring (getting rid of connections not being used, coating the well-used connections in myelin, to speed up nerve conduction) • Frontal lobes are last to rewire • Emotional limbic system gets wired for puberty before the frontal judgement centers of the brain get wired for adulthood -Adolescent cognitive development: • According to Jean Piaget adolescents are in the formal operational stage. They use this reasoning to: o Think about how reality compares to ideals o Think hypothetically about different choices and their consequences -Building towards moral reasoning • Adolescents see justice and fairness in terms of merit and equity instead of in terms of everyone getting equal treatment may strive to advocate for ideals and political causes • Think about god, meaning, and purpose in deeper terms than in childhood • Lawrence Kohlbergs: levels of moral reasoning o Pre-conventional morality: up to age 9 o Conventional morality: early adolescence o Post-conventional morality: later adolescence and adulthood  Ex. Looting after a natural disaster (looting is wrong because you might get caught, but is no one is punished, that’s a sign that’s its ok) • Moral intuition: Jonathan Haidt believed that moral decisions are often driven by moral intuition, that is, quick, gut feeling decisions o Ex. Is the life of one worth saving the life of many -Social development: Erik Erikson’s model of lifelong psychosocial development sees adolescence as a struggle to form an identity, a sense of self • May try out different “selves” with peers, with parents and with teachers • Prevent role confusion • STAGES ARE IN THE TEXTBOOK (LOOK UP TABLE) MODULE 15 • Identity vs. role confusion • Search for identity (MARCIA) o Identity diffusion: no identity crisis, don’t know what they want to do for work o Foreclosure: adopting a role without going through identity crisis o Moratorium: current identity crisis, not resolved, have an idea of what they want to be o Identity achievement: gone through identity crisis, successfully resolved -peer relationships: take center stage, often still see their parents as their primary influence in many areas, including career, religion, and politics -Emerging adulthood: in some countries, added years of education and later marriage have delayed full adult independence beyond traditional adolescence. Emerging adulthood 18-25. Module 16- adulthood -Physical development: in our mid-20’s we reach a peak in the natural physical abilities • Physical changes: middle adulthood o Between ages 40-60 physical vitality may still be more of a function of lifestyle than of biological decline o Some changes are still driven by genetic maturation o There is a gradual decline in sexual activity in adulthood o Around age 50 women go into menopause (the en
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