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Lecture 13

Introduction to Psychology Lecture 13 (PSYCH1010)

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PSYC 1010
Rebecca Jubis

PSYCH1010Lecture 13 1192012 11700 PM Chapter 10 Motivation and Emotion Motivation has 2 components 1 Drive arousal 2 GoalDirected BehaviourTheories of Motivation short answer question contrast between theories 1 Freuds life and death instincts 2 Sociobiological View 3 Instincts 4 Hulls DriveReduction Theory proposes that biological needs or deficiencies increase our drive level and all behaviour are geared toward satisfying these biological needs thus reducing drive to a zero level We are motivated to maintain a zero drive level E DxHE represents the probability of a responseD represents drive H represents Habit StrengthFlaw that was overlooked is that this only applies to biological needs which is mainly aiming homeostasis We also have a cognitive drive Ie the drive to pursue university Is that a biological drive or needIncentives the anticipation of a reward they are learnedDrive Theories how internal states pushIncentive Theories how external stimuli pull 5 Hebbs Optimal Level of Arousal Theory y When arousal or drive is too low or too high we try to attain an optimal level of arousal y Eysenk
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