Psych 1010March 1 2012.docx

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18 Mar 2012
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Psych 1010 March 1 2012
Neurotic Disorders: ( anxiety somatoform dissociative)
-neurosis-psycho analytic term (freud)
-neurotic disorders involve feelings of anxiety or distress
-they don't lead to distortions of reality
Anxiety Disorders:
-neurotic anxiety vs. stress anxiety
-neurotic anxiety is always there (abnormal)
-stress anxiety is in proportion to the stressor therefore once stressor is removed anxiety decreases
a)generalize anxiety disorder: chronic always feeling this way
-unsettled not in response to a stimulus (free float anxiety)
-difficulty in making decisions
-strong physiological responses (trembling, breathing)
b)Phobic Disorders: feel anxiety to very specific things.
-simple phobias: dogs, heights, spiders
-social phobias: fear being neg. evaluated, public speaking
c)Panic Disorder and Agoraphobia (fear of leaving the house, open spaces):
-agoraphobia once believed to be a simple phobia but more compex therefore connected with panic
disorder.
-there are physiological responses
d) obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD):
-a) obsession-recurrent involuntary though or mental image therefore intruding with other mental
processes and this thought tends to create anxiety
-b) compulsive behaviour
-ex. germs, inflicting harm, sexual acts
-temporary reduction of behaviour
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-compulsive--ritualistic behaviour
-different degrees of severity Ex. howie mendel
-obsessive compulsive personality disorders: high degree of rigidity and organization
e)post-traumatic stress disorder:
-traumatic event is re-lived day-day, nightmares
-anxiety, anger, guilt
-problems with personal relationships because of withdrawal
Somatoform Disorders: psychological and medical component
**short answer test 4: fall somewhere between psychological and medical disorders and refer to
physical symptoms that have no physiological basis. Not to be confused with psychosomatic disorders.
-individual develops a physical symptom but theres no medical problem but rather is connected
psychologically
-therefore need a psychologist not doctor
-psychosomatic disorders--there is a medical problem but worsened by stress (allergies, high blood
pressure, asthma)
a)conversion disorder:(much more common in freud's day as hysteria)
-ex.one day wake up blind etc. but no medical problem but gets converted due to psychological stress
-center of attention therefore reinforcing and pro-long symptoms
-don't have to deal with traumatic problems
b)hypochondriasis: (hypochondria) always think they are sick
-minor physical ailments are misinterpreted as a major illness.
-need psychologist but very resistant to treatment because they don't believe they have this disorder
Dissociative Disorders: (separation)
-dissociative Amnesia, Dissociative Fugue
Ex. lose, identity
a)dissociative identity disorder: (multiple personality disorder)
-don't confuse with schizofrenia
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