Lecture on Chapter 13- Stress, Coping and Health
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March, 20, 2012
Chapter 13- Stress, Coping and Health
Biopsychosocial model holds that physical illness is caused by a complex interaction of
biological, psychological, and sociocultural factors. It simply asserts that these factors
operate in a psychosocial context that is influential.
Health psych concerned with the causes, treatment and prevention of illness.
Stress is a disruption in psychological and physiological functioning that occurs when an
event is perceived as a threat to our goals and when we can’t cope with the stressor.
Major Types of Stress
1. Frustration - occurs when the pursuit of one goal is blocked.
2. Conflict - occurs when two or more incompatible motivations or behavioural impulses
compete for expression
• approach -- approach conflict is a choice that must be made between two at-
• avoidance -- avoidance conflict is a choice that must be made between two
• approach -- avoidance conflict is a choice that must be made about whether
to pursue a single goal that had both attractive and unattractive aspects
3. Pressure - pressure to perform or conform
4. Life Changes any changes in living circumstances that require re-adjustment.
Is there a relationship between stress and subsequent illness?
Social Readjustment Rating Scale (Holmes and Rahe)
• helps identify people who are at risk for stress-related problems
• contains a list of life events that require change or readjustment
• Each event has a “Life Change Unit” (LCU) beside it.
• Example: Marriage - 50 (LCU)
•it doesn’t take into account how you’re able to cope with the situation, the sup-
port you have.
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