PSYC 1010 Lecture Notes - Shin Jung-Hyeon, Interposition, Absolute Threshold
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Lecture March 18th
Chapter 15: Treatment of Psychological Disorders
•Involve presentation of vague or ambiguous stimuli.
•Normally used by psychodynamic therapists.
•Ask the individual what they see in the ambiguous
stimuli (e.g.: an illusionary image). Their response is a
projection of their unconscious thoughts.
•Patient is asked what they see in the inkblots.
•He started with many inkblots, but 10 of them
stood out and were able to discriminate people.
•This test isn't really valid or reliable, yet some
people think there is some art in it and is well able to
•The picture below was shown in the lecture.
People say they see a dog, a chicken, or butterfly.
•Analysis takes into account the location (where in
the picture they looked), the content (what they see),
•Thematic Apperception Test (TAT)
•It involves 30 different cards, each card has some
picture on it. Patient is asked to tell a story about the
picture. And the therapist analyzes the story.
•Analysis of the story is based on the mood
described by the patient, adjectives used by the
patient, ending (happy or not?), and the common
•One of the cards is shown below.
Chapter 4 Sensation and Perception
No testing on any diagrams.
•Sensation and perception go hand in hand, but are different
•Sensation: is the process whereby our sensory organs
gather information from the outside world. (stimulation of our
•Can pertain to any of the five senses.
•Whenever these senses are activated (stimulated), a
sensation has occurred.
Perception follows sensation.
•Perception: is a process whereby the brain organizes and
interprets these sensations.
•e.g.: you are in a party hearing everything (gathering all the
information from the outside world). Yet, you are able to keep
track of and organize the words used by the person you are
talking to (your brain interprets words of your friend).
•Another example: Waiting for green light. The green light will
create a sensation. But eye doesn't know what it means. The
brain will send the info that green means go.
•A good example is an illusionary image. You all see the same
thing, but your perception can be different. Perception is how
you organize or re-organize different elements. In the picture
below, some people see an old witch, while some see a young