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Lecture 4

PSYC 1010 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Chantal Petitclerc, Judith Rodin, Kelly D. Brownell

Course Code
PSYC 1010
Doug Mc Cann

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Chantal Petitclerc is one of Canada’s finest athletes. Since losing the use of her legs in
an accident at age 13, she has gone on to dominate women’s wheelchair racing events.
She holds many world, Commonwealth, and Paralympic records
Clark hull explored the drive concept to investigating motivation
Cannon theorized that stomach contractions cause hunger.
Kelly Brownell argues that modern societies have created a “toxic environment” for
Stanley Schachter advanced the “externality hypothesis” that obese people are
extrasensitive to external cues that affect hunger
Judith Rodin blurred Schachter’s key distinction between the internal and external
determinants of hunger when she noted that external cues could affect internal cues
causing people to get hungry and eat (smellinsulinhungry). (Rodin was hating and
screwed Stanley :P )
Herman and Polivy have introduced a distinction between normative as opposed
to sensory-external cues
Richard Keesay: Set-point theory proposes that the body monitors fat-cell levels to
keep them (and weight) fairly stable. This compensation increases hunger and decrease
Trivers: the sex that makes the smaller investment will compete for mating opportunities
with the sex that makes the larger investment, and the sex with the larger investment will
tend to be more discriminating in selecting its partners
Roy Baumeister has argued that the gender disparity in sexual motivation may be largely
attributable to extensive cultural processes
Alfred Kinsey discovered that many people who define themselves as heterosexuals have
had homosexual experiences—and vice versa heterosexuality and homosexuality are
viewed as endpoints on a continuum
Jennifer Steeves: differences in brain laterality may be implicated in this difference in
processing of information in gay people
Baumeister and Leary (1995) proposed the belongingness hypothesis, that “human
beings have a pervasive need to form and maintain at least a minimum quantity of lasting,
positive, and significant interpersonal relationships”
Amanda Todd committed suicide after being bullied and ostracized
Atkinson theorizes that the tendency to pursue achievement in a particular situation depends on
the following 3 factors:
The strength of one’s motivation to achieve success. This is viewed as a stable aspect of
One’s estimate of the probability of success for the task at hand. This varies from task to task.
The incentive value of success.
William Marston: polygraph or lie detector, a device that records autonomic
fluctuations while a subject is questioned.
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