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Lecture 1

PSYC 2030 Lecture 1: PSYC-2030 - R M chapter 1 docx - 2012-04-02


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 2030
Professor
Krista A Phillips
Lecture
1

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Chapter 1
Scientific method:
o General expression for the methodology of science, systematic research approach to
outlook emphasizing the use of empirical reasoning
o Everyone has impact on them
o 1. Learning about logical explanations to research approaches used to make and display
data
o 2. Understanding reason why they research how they do closes out bogus ones
o 3. Raising and addressing problems and researching on your own analytically
o 4. Learn about limits of research methods and studies; degree of generalizability ex.
Method of tenacity:
o Primitive approach bound by tradition
o Claims based on belief
o Superstitions
Method of authority:
o Someone assumes its true because an authoritative figure says so
o Conformity like tenacity
Ex tv media figureheads etc....
Positive side though in listening to laws, doctors, teacher of justness
A priori method:
o Rely primarily on individual powers of reason and logic to make sense of world to
explain it to others
o Far more intellectual
o Good; but scientific method may break ones logical claim nonetheless
Scientific use to filter logic claims from actual
o Empirical based on observation
Empirical reasoning:
o Combination of careful logic, organized observation, measurement open to scrutiny by
others
o Unifies scientists
o Goes back to time of galeilo in 16th century
Ex: testing lights of prism by newton
Extra empirical factors playing a role:
o Sometimes things outside of our testing ability; leap of faith needed; use tests from
what we can see
o Aesthetic aspect of science:
Theory so ‘’beautiful’’ it had to be true
o Perceptibility:
Visualization
Use images in form of analogies and metaphors to explain the operation of
complex phenomena
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