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Lecture Six.docx

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PSYC 2030
Krista Phillips

Lecture Six: • Common method: o Self-report data  Researcher asks subject to tell you something about themselves  Use this in real-life • Job screening, clinical settings • Interviews • Dealing with other humans socially all the time • Primary method of acquiring knowledge about someone  Procedures: • Interviews: o Structured: invite to office, ask set number and ordered set of questions o Unstructured: sit with subject and talk about stuff and let subject just to talk hoping you will gain insight into the phenomenon at interest • Questionnaires: o Hard to put together a good one o There are many different types:  Open-ended? How do you feel about something  forced choice questionnaires • many clinical tests are of this nature  rating scale o For self-report: there is a basic assumption that subjects are going to tell truth. We facilitate this by:  say its anonymous  request that they’re honest as possible • Can we ever be 100%? No. • Must always keep in mind : o Validity  *evaluation apprehension, social desirability  Can we trust what people say about themselves o Memory distortions o Lack of knowledge  Most of our experience is subconscious • Rorschach inkblot tests capitalize on this o Projection: o Guided by : (when faces with ambiguity)  Individual will impose meaning and structure (individuals don’t like a lack of structure)  Individual does so in an idiosyncratic matter which reflects important underlying processes relevant to personality. (Everyone will view it differently.) unreliable because it relies on the clinicians interpretation  Hermann Rorschach (1921) nickname : bloto o Relationship between perception and personality  Free association  Inquiry  Testing the limits o Very unstructured way of doing the test. You say there are no right or wrong answers, say as much or little as they wish. You show no emotion. (This is all known as the free association phase.) o Next is the inquiry phase: what made you see what you saw? Discern the determinants of the response. o Response determinants  Location  Content  Movement  Originality  Form o After all this, you score it. By Exner’s method  Not very many of people use this. They just interpret it subjectively. Not all clinician’s are good at this. Only a handful are good at it. So reliability is 0-65%.  These tests are vulnerable to extra-test factors: gender of administration. So different responses depending on if administrator is male or female. Men admins elicit more sexual responses  TAT:
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