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Lecture 2- Research.docx

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PSYC 2030
Krista Phillips

Lecture 2Research 1122012 123800 PM 1Lack of unity in psychology lack of unity in the subject matterthere are many methods used by psychologists used to studymethodological pluralismuse of multiple methods in the field of psychology we are not joined by a common methodwe are not unified by a commitment to a single methodology there is also a lack of unity in how we interpret our findings we stand out from the natural sciences in this regard different from medicine psychologists interpret results from tests differentlyo depending on their theoretical background what joins these psychologists together is a commitment to scientific methods of conducting research 2Scientific method Charles Pierce argued that the most reliable and meaningful way to develop a belief is through the scientific methodwe are guided by empirical reasoning empiricism as a philosophyknowledge is derived through experienceempirical reasoningtakes place through direct observationexperience o observer reflects logically on these experienceso guided by two main assumptions determinism assumption that all events have causes biological vs psychic determinism causes can be predicted within a certain probability Freuds psychic determinismevery psychological event is determined by a preceding mental event unconscious mental determinationmental eventpsychic eventSkinner looked at the environment at the most important place to look to understand a person
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