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Lecture 3

PSYC 2030 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Dsm-5, Psy, Moodle


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 2030
Professor
Ronald Sheese
Lecture
3

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Jan. 30th, 2014
PSY 2030
LECTURE 3 OUTLINE
1. Ethics: *definition
- a system of moral principles
- branch of philosophy dealing with values and motives
- the rules or standards governing the conduct of a person or group of
persons
- the science of morals
- a particular system of principles and rules concerning duty, whether
try or false; rules of practice in respect to a single class of human actions; as
political or social ethics
- ethics or moral of code are best seen as social construction
- reflects values of culture
*practical relevance
*cultural relativity: examples from clinical practice
- people from a different culture may have their ways of doing
something but the laws on a new country matter and people must follow
that
- example of the girl that walked on gravel if her marks weren’t high
enough and it’s the clinicians job to report it by law
Miles &August study
- looked at legal course cases, person is on stable life conditions and
unable to communicate
- can leave decision to another family member
- position actively tried to figure out what that patient want
-true to only 14% when patient was female
-if male was in a comma, doctor would try to find out if the male
himself has ever said if he would want to plug pulled or try to find out
through his family and friends
-whereas women only 14% of them were treated like this and the rest
of them those doctors went to their husbands to find out whether or not to
pull the plug
- if women in exactly same situation the person left to make that
decision is her husband
* temporal relativity: examples from social psychology
* comparison with Diagnostic and Statistical Manual
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- what goes in this book is our willingness to tolerate
- DSM-5 is a social construct, the ethical view is changed depending on
values and culture, the society changes so does the views of disorders
- important to realize that the DSM-5 is socially constructed
- Hannah Arendt, Banality of evil her book where she saw that people
who were considered to be monsters did not look like monsters in fact they
looked like ordinary people
2. The APA Code of Ethics (http://www.apa.org/ethics/code2002.pdf)
5 Principles:
A) Beneficence and Non-Malfeasance
- the practice of act of kindness, act of doing good beneficence
- avoidance of doing wrongful or hurtful acts malfeasance
- psychologists should strive to benefit people and to take care and not
to do harm
-it safeguards the welfare of your patients
B) Fidelity and Responsibility
- must establish relationships of trust, which is very important and
meaningful
- obligated to do so with ppl you work with and with the society at
large
- your job to appear to the highest standards of behaviour
C) Integrity
- honesty, expected to be brutally honest in all aspects of your work
and research
D) Justice
- treat all of the parties in your place with fairness
- right to be treated fairly
E) Respect for Rights and Dignity
- obligated as a psychologist to recognize peoples confidentiality
- must be aware of vulnerabilities of certain demographic groups
- have to be knowledgeable when you can use certain terms like sex or
gender
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