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Lecture

PSYC 2120 Lecture Notes - Deindividuation, Gestalt Psychology, Construals


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 2120
Professor
Doug Mc Cann

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Chapter 1: What is social psychology?
Social Psychology: the scientific study of how individuals thoughts, feelings. and
behaviours are influenced by other people.
-it is a field dedicated to understanding the causes and consequences of social
interaction between individuals or groups
-the study of how other people affect us
- social psychologists study how individuals process information about other people and
how they sore this information in memory
- interested in explaining social behaviour
-take the perspective of individuals in a social setting rather than focusing only on
objective features of a situation
social construals: how individuals personally interpret or perceive a social situation
- whatever you believe to be the other person's motive will determine how you behave
How other people affect us
-fake emergencies constructed
-individuals fail to intervene because they rely on others to interpret the event
- people may misinterpret the situation as a non emergent based on the inaction of
others
social comparison: the process of comparing ourselves to other people to make
judgements about the self
- other people affect or actions
deindividuation: refers to the feeling that people are unacceptable for their actions
when they are in a large group
Social Psychology is Not just Common Sense
- our beliefs and intuitions about social behaviour are often correct however, not always;
must conduct research to find out which ones are valid
-some of social psychology is common sense and and consistent with folk wisdom
folk wisdom is often vague and simplistic
Example: common sense: rewards and reinforcement are the way to change behaviour,
social psychology; it is sometimes the absence of an attractive reward
that produces the greatest changes in attitudes and behaviour
Hindsight bias: once we learn about an outcome it often seems obvious "I knew it all
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