Class Notes (837,469)
Canada (510,274)
York University (35,409)
Psychology (4,109)
PSYC 2130 (210)


4 Pages
Unlock Document

PSYC 2130
Ian Mc Gregor

Week 10: Meaning Erik Erikson and Erich Fromm (Germans) --> Uniquely concerned with Identity  Uncertainty and self-responsibility : how are you going to decide what you want to be?  Identity vs. Escape from Freedom : most people avoid the question  Socially Mediated by Cultural Values, Narratives, and Practices: coming of age ceremony (walkabout into the wild) how can i exist in this culture? What is my role with other people 5. Identity vs. Role Confusion  Adolescents and young adults try to figure out "who am i??" they establish sexual, ethnic, and career identities, or are confused about what future roles play. --> requires Crisis and commitment  Finding self, Piaget's formal operation  Erikson's life  Marcia's identity statuses Crisis --> (N) Diffusion Moratorium Comitment (down)(y) forclosure Identity achieved  From success to integrity... The integrity shift --> mixed balance of efficacy and integrity for undergrads but for older people have more integrity  Related to self realization and self actualization of Horney, Rogers and Maslow  Requires tolerance for anxiety, not repression --> fixation on "excessively intense" extremes Need for Self-Transcendence  Dark side of the American dream (fame and fourtune lead to unhappiness)  Competence/doing /what; autonomy/being/why --> pride alienates people from others --> pride ends up feeling empty and futile. All vanity. --> uncertainty about what is worth doing. Angst!  Philosophy and religions --> phenomena vs. ideals ; strive for something with our being --> transcendent virtue --> Hindu wants of humans as psychological stages (pleasure, success, duty, ideals (yogas)) Approaching Meaning  Hope and meaning in life are associated with approach motivation, negatively with anxiety.  Seeking meaning is positively associated with both anxiety and with approach motivation.  Anxiety scales: anxious attachment, neuroticism, stress , BIS, rumination  Approach scales: promotion, power, BIS (not fun?) What spurs the Quest for meaning? boat heading for the falls and there's nothing i can do about it. Once you've woken up you can't turn back. (Gilgamesh) Despair (Bacon, 1944) Goal blocked Angst (Much, 1893; Picason 1937) Whats the point of living why bother? --> Guernica and the Scream Existential Threat and Despair  Durkheim: "suicide" horzions need limits --> too many choices , can't take it  Gilgamesh; Tolstoy and "Death of Ivan Ilych" --> spends his whole life being good and on his death bed realizes that he "blew it" can't be who he wants to be.  Kierkegaard: existential guilt  James: "Skull will grin in at banquet" (running boy)  Sartre: "Existence precedes essence" (first we exist then we know what we are) radical freedom, nausea (no sturdy ground to stand on) "bad faith" (forclosure) , "hell is others"(we can't fake we have to choose) , existential masochism and sadism. Looking through a keyhole, someone opens the door and someone sees you.  Fromm, Adorno: Authoritarian "Escape from Freedom: (link to Kohut and parenting) interviewed people: what make people bigoted against people who are different, result from authoritarian parenting. Doughnut self and hide hole with power and grandiosity.  Becker: "Denial of Death," "Prophets of Unrepression;" Worldview defense --> repression is the only thing we've got. We need repression in order to adhere to our cultural values. Goal threats and vigilant despair Insert slide Thought suppression: Ironic Processes and Rebound Insert slide Life stories 1) redemptive stories --> give back to societ
More Less

Related notes for PSYC 2130

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.