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May 14th Lecture.docx

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PSYC 2130
Krista Phillips

Lecture 3 Outline 1. Psychoanalytic Theory: Historical overview  C. Rogers he believed in a humanistic approach. He gave us client centered therapy  Who does a psychoanalytic look like you go and lay down on the couch and the analysts is usually behind you were you cant see them o Rogers believes this creates a unequally power balance. He say the only thing it services is meeting the need on the elitist in the Freudian community o Now a day the psychoanalytist would ask you just to talktechnique of free association o He developed client centred therapy in a reaction to dissatisfaction of Freud’s therapy. He said Freud’s therapy could damage people and puts people at a disadvantage because you cant interact with the therapist and they were passive o He argues that the only purpose served in psychotherapy is the elitist needs of the psychotherapist are met.  Wolpehe the father of behaviour therapy. He had a problem with psychoanalytic and says it simply takes to long. People would go to therapy three to four times over a period of years. o He believed there was a more efficient way to analysis patients behaviours and then to formulate a  Freud his most valued contribution to psychology is the principle of psychic determinism and the principle of unconscious motivation. o Freud’s theory of personality serves is a way that all good theories should. His model served to allow a great deal of improvements. o He are contribution to bother abnormal and personality psychology 2. Principle of Unconscious Motivation  This was based on Freud’s observation that certain mental event were simply more available to us. o People behave in way for reasons that they are unaware of.  Freud found that unconscious material is the most powerful influence on behaviour o There is truth to that there are other reasons beyond our own knowledge to why we do something  Freud was really interested in thoughts that were underground (unconscious) that reappear latter in life mainly as a result of work he did with a colleague of his Breuer.  Breuer with him, Freud became interested in hypnosis and hysteria o Hysteria had a significant meaning in psychology, hysterical people who came in with physical disorders; people who had mental disorders but had not physical cause. o Women and other were thought to be pretending (malingering) their symptoms Freud understood that there was more to the behaviour and didn’t see them as malingering mainly because of this work with Charcot  Charcot taught Freud how to hypnosis his patients and included it in his practice to treat his patients o His experience with hypnosis that these women subjectively suffered from their symptoms  Breuer told Freud about a hysteric women who was cured with hypnosis o Freud got the idea that just talking about the symptoms makes them go away.  Bernheim he work with individuals with amnesia; he showed Freud that you can make individual remember things without hypnotizing and that you can just urge people to remember  Hysterical Amnesia  Now a day the psychoanalyst would ask you just to talktechnique of free association (the essences of psychoanalysis). Freud used an inferential method known as free association in order to gain access to material not seen. o Listening to conscious reports to reveal what the unconscious is trying to say o Inferential methodalogn  Discoveries Freud made with technique of free association: o First thing that was revealed to him was the relationship between the patient’s symptoms and causes/pathogenic ideas that were present in his patient were not simple. He noticed that there is a whole series of symptoms associated with behaviour. He called this principle overdetermination o Another important discovery was the finding that what’s in the unconscious resists; holding a mental block against remembering or accepting some events or ideas. He called this resistance to the free association technique.  What this taught Freud is that on the one hand patients symptoms creates real psychology discomforts for them but on the other hand their resistance undermines psychotherapy progress and therapy. Individuals do this to protect themselves from pain. 3. Principle of Psychic Determinism  The principle of psychic determinism is all behaviour including overt vs. covert, are cause by pre seeding mental event/ are a result of previous psychology events. Within Freud’s model these events have a casual power in of themselves, in that they can determine behaviour. o According to Freud there is a re-seeding mental event  Psychological events have causal power in and out of themselves  Freud’s first publication he tried to talk about the neurological bases of behaviour but the science behind it had not developed yet  ***Psycho pathology of everyday life buy this book o You find examples of normal and psychopathological individuals that follows the principle of psychic determinism.  Freud observed behaviour that regardless of its nature were cause by other mental process and when they have a description of their behaviour they were disconnected to that behaviour. Model of the Mind: the Id, the Ego, and superego are always in conflict with each other an can never be happy.  Superego  Ego  Id 4. Psychosexual Stages one of the most controversial contributions made by Freud to psychology. Get gave us each stage is characterized a place where pleasure is derived from and each stage is characterized by conflict. The importance of stages lays in Freud’s idea of fixation  Concept of fixation o As we leave each stage we leave a certain amount of libido. o Sometimes people have a traumatic experience during one of these stages the libido gets tied up in this stages and leaves less energy for normal adult function  Primary erogenous zones  The oral stage during the first year of life, according to Freud the mouth is the most central. The conflict in this stage is the weaning conflict, the harder it is to wean the child off the bottle, the more fixation the libido is on this stage o Oral eroticism, oral sadism  These are the two stages within this stage  Oral erotic stage is characterized by the pure pleasure of sucking and taking things in through the mouth. Double touch babies sucking on their own hand when the mother isn’t around. When the breast is not
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