Lecture 2 - personality.docx

35 views7 pages
24 Apr 2012
Personality Lecture 2 1/10/2012 7:06:00 AM
Personality is critical in the domain of research
-you can devise a test to measure traits
some psychologists devote their whole career to generating tests
-if we can not measure traits, personality theories cannot make meaningful
-personality assessment is a central part in personality research
-in clinical studies psychologists like to use psychological tests
-a good psychological report should say something about patients
personality, even when that is not the focus
-sometimes in the real world the reason for referral is to give a report if a
patient is a good candidate for psychotherapy, legal matters
fairly extremely comprehensive personality assessment needs to be
someone who is easily irritated is not a good candidate
-in clinical settings personality assessment are almost never a meaning less
-there are a variety of ways of assessing personality
-test that clinical psychologists use depend on their focus
What goes on in a personality assessment
-clinical interview
process that we call observation
observing people can tell us a lot about them
-tangential have trouble focusing, go off on a tangent
-clinical interview carries a great deal of weight in personality assessment
-Doctor Silverman observed that it took 10 mins to assess a patient
-clinicians vary on the way they assess personality
-personality tests vary according to
their function
o MMPI test designed to help you make a diagnosis
identifies the presence of psycho-pathology
level of structure
o MMPI is a very structured test
Same questions, same order
o Others are not
How they are constructed
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-2 of the document.
Unlock all 7 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
o Distinction between two types of construction
Rational or logical method
Empirical or psycho-metric process
Typical pattern of response for types of traits
Many items in MMPI do not have an obvious
answer to clinical categories but they help
clinicians make a distinction
Reliability degree to which any test gives
you consistent stable measures
Validity how well a given test measures
what it is supposed to measure
*most personality test have a built in assumption that the trait that are
being measured are stable*
-diagnosis criteria for clinical depression range on a various of domains
cognitive symptoms
-tests should have contingent validity
-sometimes we need to make statements about people
discriminant validity
-big problem faced by personality clinical psychologists : most of what we
are interested in measuring has no clear place for us to look
we cannot see shyness, cannot see schizophrenia, generosity
we are in a field where we must rely to a very large extent on a self
report data, we ask patients to tell us what is going on --- which is
problematic, cannot trust what people always say
whenever we rely on self report data we have to ask the question:
am I getting valid data? --- people lie intentionally and
The Rorschach
-very little general findings about it
Buros mental measurements yearbook
o http://www.unl.edu/buros
findings done over the past year
-developed by Hermann Rorschach
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-2 of the document.
Unlock all 7 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get OneClass Notes+

Unlimited access to class notes and textbook notes.

YearlyBest Value
75% OFF
$8 USD/m
$30 USD/m
You will be charged $96 USD upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.