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Introduction to Psychology.docx

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PSYC 2510
Richard N Lalonde

Lecture #1 - PSYC 2510 Introduction to Psychology Course Objective • To gain a working knowledge of the scope of the discipline of Psychology and a foundation or future studies within the field. • This course is required for all students who intend to pursue additional courses in Psychology. Students must pass the course with a minimum grade of C in order to pursue further studies in Psychology. Weekly lectures • Selected topics from textbook • Additional, related material and conce– demos, videos, discussions, activities, and/or guest lectures • Exam questions will include info from class lectures but not found in the text, as well as material covered in the text but not in class • If you miss a class, borrow notes from a friend Definition of Ψ:  • The scientific study of the behaviour of individuals and their mental processes. Levels of analysis • Biological/neurological processes • Mental processes • External processes The Roots of Psychology  Psychology = • Psyche: soul, spirit, mind • Logos: study of a subject • 18th century: Ψ = study of the mind • rooted in philosophy & physiology Wilhem Wundt 1879: opens the 1st Ψ lab at the University of Leipzig – “Birthplace” of modern Ψ – 33 students from the USA • 1881: starts first Ψ journal •Subject matter: consciousness • Method: introspection G. Stanley Hall (1846‐1924) • 1879: Wundt’s 1st American student • 1883: 1st Ψ lab in at Johns Hopkins University • 1887: 1st Ψ journal in America - American Journal of Psyc. • 1892: 1st prof. organization - APA’s 1st president Structuralism E. B. Titchener (1867‐1927) • student of Wundt’s • basic question: What? • Identify the structure of consciousness through its elements – e.g. sensation has properties: intensity, quality, duration, & extent • Then discover how these elements are grouped and arranged • Margaret Floy Washburn (PhD, 1894) Functionalism William James (1842‐1910) • trained in medicine • studies mental operations rather than mental elements – variety of methods to get at the how and why of behaviour. (explanation & prediction) • identify ways in which consciousness helps the organism to adapt to the environment Psychoa
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