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Psychology - Social Psychology 2.docx

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York University
PSYC 2510
Richard N Lalonde

March 6, 2013 Psychology – Lecture 19 Social Psychology 2 Definition: How a person’s group, situation, or relationships influences their thoughts, feelings and behaviour Anatomy of Hate – Documentary Film Look for examples of: Other themes to look for:  Conformity  Stereotyping  Obedience  Prejudice  Deindividuation  Us vs. Them  Attitude change Comments on Documentary  Focus is on extreme prototypes of hate  Need to distinguish between Fear and Hate o Fear is instinctual/biological o Hate is learned/social o The 2 become linked through conditioning  Problems associated with sustained fear o ANS in overdrive which depletes our resources o Reliance on cognitive shortcuts such as outgroup homogeneity and stereotyping  Unlearning fear and hate is hard work Person Perception: Forming Impressions of Others  Effects of physical appearance o Good looking? Sociable, warm, competent… o Baby faced? Honest  Cognitive schemas o Organized clusters of ideas about categories of social events and people (typees) o Gender, age, ethnic & occupational stereotypes  Prejudice and discrimination o Prejudice is a negative attitude toward a person on the basis of group membership o Discrimination is a prejudicial action Attribution Processes: Explaining Behaviour  Attributions: Internal vs. External  Biases in attributions o Fundamental attribution error – Bias in favour of internal attributions explaining others’ behaviour o Defensive attribution – Tendency to blame victims for their misfortune (so you can feel less likely to be victimized in a similar way) o Self-serving bias – tendency to attribute one’s success to personal factors and one’s failure to situational factors Gilbert’s view of the fundamental attribution error Attitudes and Attitude Change Attitudes  Components  Explicit o Cognitive, affective, and behavioural o Aware of them o Explicit and implicit  Factors in changing attitudes o Shape conscious decisions o Relatively stable o Source, message and receiver  Implicit
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