Class Notes (836,399)
Canada (509,774)
York University (35,328)
Psychology (4,108)
PSYC 2510 (86)
Lecture

Personality

5 Pages
112 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 2510
Professor
Agnieszka Kopinska
Semester
Winter

Description
PERSONALITY Important Concepts  Personality involves consistency and distinctiveness  Consistency – stable behavioural traits  Distinctiveness – unique to each individual  Trait – habitual pattern of thought, emotion, and behaviour  The “Big Five”  Five basic traits underlie the expression of more superficial traits  Openness to experience  Conscientiousness (constraint)  Extroversion (+ emotionality)  Agreeableness  Neuroticism (-emotionality)  Not every part of personality falls under these categories Psychodynamic  Psychoanalytic theory – personality is shaped by early childhood experiences, unconscious motives and conflicts, and coping/defense mechanisms  Developed by Freud  Mostly developed theories by psychoanalyzing himself  Controversial – most of his theories revolved around sexual urges  Structure of personality  Id – biological urges, wants to be satisfied  Ego – wants the same things, but can put the breaks on the Id  Superego – developed around the ages of 3 to 5 (when kids start to internalize beliefs of right and wrong), the polar opposite of the Id  Levels of consciousness  Consciousness – what you’re aware of at the moment  Preconscious – things that you’re aware of but not accessing at the moment  Unconscious – the biggest thing about Freud’s theories, things that we are not aware of  The 3 components have different goals, which create internal conflicts  Commonly about sexual or aggressive impulses  Can cause anxiety/discomfort  Defense mechanisms used to cope with anxiety  Denial – refusal to acknowledge that there is a problem  Repression – burying thoughts or feelings that illicit distress  Projection – your own feelings make you feel guilty but you attribute them to someone else  Displacement – you don’t feel safe, so you displace your feelings to a less threatening source  Reaction formation – feeling the opposite of how you think you’re supposed to feel  Regression – behaving immaturely, falling back on behaviours attributed to someone younger  Rationalization – making up a false excuse to justify behaviour  identification – boost your self-esteem by convincing yourself that there are similarities between you and someone you idolize  Psychosexual stages – periods with specific urges for physical pleasure that shape adult personality  Oral (0-1) – weaning off bottle/breast  Anal (2-3) – toilet training  Phallic (3-6) – cope with oedipal complex  Latency (6-12) – socialise  Genital (puberty +) – intimate relationships  Fixation – failure to transition into the next stage  Jung’s analytical psychology – shared Freud’s belief in importance of dream analysis, and notion of personal unconscious, but disagreed with the focus on sexual urges  Collective unconscious  Archetypes and symbols  Adler’s individual psychology – humans seek superiority (to better themselves, adapt, overcome challenges)  Compensation  Inferiority complex – pervasive, exaggerated feelings of inadequacy  Overcompensation Behavioural  Personality is the product of learning  No internal structure because not observable  B.F. Skinner  Personality traits are response tendencies shaped by operant conditioning principles  Punishment and reinforcement – automatic, unconscious process  Life-long  Bendura’s Social Cognitive theory – learning shapes personality but people are not passive (involves cognition)  Reciprocal determini
More Less

Related notes for PSYC 2510

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit