Class Notes (1,100,000)
CA (620,000)
York (40,000)
PSYC (5,000)
Lecture 5

PSYC 3125 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Lightner Witmer, James Mckeen Cattell, World'S Columbian Exposition

Course Code
PSYC 3125
Alexandra Rutherford

This preview shows half of the first page. to view the full 3 pages of the document.
Lecture 5
February 8th 2016
Applying Psychology, Ordering Society
- Assignment 2 due: February 22nd on Moodle
James McKeen Cattell (1860-1944)
- worked with Galton and both were interested in intelligence and measuring it (using tests
to assess intelligence)
- Galton believes intelligence is the strength and size of the nervous system (bigger brain,
more intelligent)
- Galton sets up an anthropometric laboratory to measure intelligence (by head size and
grip strength (dynamometric pressure))
- Cattell continued this mental measurement in Pennsylvania that he administered to
college students (he measured dynamometric pressure, rate of movement through
space, sensation areas (persons hand would be pricked twice closely, and they would
be asked to tell Cattell when the 2 pricks were located in the same area), pressure
causing pain, least noticeable difference in weight, sound reaction time, naming colours,
bisection of a 50 cm line, judgement of 10 seconds of time, number of letters
remembered by once hearing)
- There was development of the correlation coefficient, and Cattell looks up their
academic records and correlated his intelligence measure to their academics. He finds
no correlation
- World’s Columbian Exposition, Chicago 1893: New Psychologists interact with other
educators, people are able to be measured for intelligence here
Lightner Witmer (1867-1956)
- Worked at U of Pennsylvania
- Was interested in working with children with educational differences (learning disabilities,
behavioral problems) and wants to help
- He was a teacher before he was a psychologist
- He began to see children who were referred by teachers. He used “the clinical method”
(which he named), one of his first patients was 14 yo Charles Gilman, and he couldn’t
spell. Witmer found he had many other problems like reading and language, and vision
problems as well. He was successful after years of helping Charles. Witmer established
the psychological clinic. Was one of the first to use the clinical name
- He was a precursor to school psychology
- He is not a modern “clinical psychologist” however, his models were different than the
ones we use today
- He was an environmentalist, he believed that children’s problems were changeable
- Galton did not believe that intelligence is something that could be improved. He believed
that intelligence is more or less fixed
- Witmer made the formboard
Alfred Binet (1857-1911)
- Created the Stanford Binet test
find more resources at
find more resources at
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version