LECTURE 1 JANUARY 8TH, 2013
TOPIC: OVERVIEW &ABNORMALITY, PSYCHOPATHOLOGY RESEARCH
◦ 1 hour long
◦ 50 MC
◦ 1/3 lecture and 1/3 textbook
◦ DOES NOT POST LECTURES ONLINE
◦ Final exam may be cumulative.All others will not be. Final exam is 100 MC and 2 hours
➔ Complete Practice Quiz by next class.
➔ Weekly quiz
◦ 5 minutes
◦ 5 questions
◦ Information based on syllabus topics
◦ The questions are scrambled
◦ 12 quizzes total. Two lowest marks will be dropped or you can miss two.
➔ Albert Bandura
◦ Born in MundareAlberta (near Edmonton)
◦ Youngest and only boy of 6 children born to Eastern European immigrants
◦ His father worked for Trans-Canada Railway
◦ Mother worked in town general store
◦ Psychology undergrad at UBC
◦ Faculty position at Stanford University
◦ Famous for modeling
◦ Video: Bobo the doll experiment (Bandura and Walter)
◦ Catharsis Theory –released all aggression and therefore will not be aggressive
➔ Lifetime Contributions
◦ Modeling (Social Learning)-influences of others on us
◦ Self-efficacy-how we develop the power to effect change
◦ Ranked fourth in history (after Skinner, Piaget, and Freud)
➔ Medical Student Syndrome
◦ When reading about and learning about different conditions, students are susceptible to
believing that they exhibit a symptom or sign associated with the disease.
➔ Mental Health Service Providers
◦ Clinical Psychologist-PhD or PsyD
▪ 11 years of schooling. 4 years undergrad, 5 years grad, and 1 year of training
▪ 4 years of study and 5 years of post specialization after MD is obtained
▪ Medical school background. Can prescribe medication. Psychologist is an academic
background and cannot prescribe medication.
◦ PsychologicalAssociate -MA
▪ Usually work with school boards
◦ Psychotherapist-Bill 171 ▪ Making official the term psychotherapist
▪ Years ago no one could call themselves a psychotherapist
◦ Social Worker and Social Service Worker
▪ BSW or MSW (Bachelors or Masters of Social Work)
▪ Sometimes involved in counseling
◦ Psychiatric Nurse
▪ May work in a role called case management
▪ Mental Health nursing for instance
◦ Case workers -personal support worker program
▪ Community colleges
▪ Rehab certificate program at York University
▪ Child Psychopathology (example: childhood autism) → treatment is applied behavioural
analysis (important field)
➔ What is 'normal' or healthy behaviour?
◦ Self acceptance ~To know oneself and laugh at oneself requires mature detachment.
▪ Example: To have personality is to be vibrant, consistent in one's behaviour, what one
tends to be like. THIS DEPENDS ON THE SITUATION. In class one may act quiet and
outside of class one may be normally outgoing.
▪ Healthy personality trait: like to be around people because it provides support.
◦ Extending oneself beyond immediate self-interest
◦ Sense of direction and mastery-the ability to love and work and play when needed
➔ All of us have conflicts but not all of us have symptoms
◦ Awoman is an alcoholic but copes by making it her job to fix that issue in society. Has
conflict but no symptoms.
◦ Accurate judgment
▪ Can we step back and look at ourselves
▪ Brain conditions where one can fail to recognize their self (frontal lobe). No self-
awareness. You are able to see it sometimes in other people.
▪ Schizophrenia—they cannot see the paranoia in themselves but can see it in others
➔ What is abnormal behaviour?
▪ Obsessing over an idea or thought that interferes with your life and daily functioning
▪ Someone who is callous, unfeeling, uncaring
▪ Something considered normal in once culture can be seen as abnormal in another culture
◦ Statistical perspective -behaviour which deviates from the average
◦ Legal perspective -in Canada – Not Criminally Responsible (NCR)
◦ Medical (illness) perspective
◦ Cultural perspective -social acceptability
▪ AMOK (out of control rampage)
▪ Same cultures forbid talking about mental health problems
◦ Personal (subjective) perspective
▪ Whether the person themselves sees themselves facing distress.
▪ Example: sometimes a friend can see distress on your face but you do not see it.
▪ Example: depression • People who are sad, trouble sleeping
• This is a condition where they will seek out help from others
• Schizophrenia on the other hand is a different condition
◦ Less self-awar