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Lecture 2

PSYC 3140 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Oral Stage, Panic Disorder, Reality PrinciplePremium

4 pages49 viewsWinter 2018

Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 3140
Professor
Jennifer Lewin
Lecture
2

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Abnormal Psychology- Lecture 2- Current Paradigms and Integrative Approach to
Psychopathology
Role of Paradigm
- Science is limited by:
- a) Our current knowledge
- b) And trying to remain objective- theres alot of room for being unintentionally biased
Paradigm - a set of basic assumptions, a general perspective that defines how to conceptualize
and study a subject, gather and interpret relevant data and think about a particular subject
- A set of basic assumptions that outline the particular universo of scientific inquiry
- Paradigms can help scientists whose research is based on a shared set of paradigm it
provides the same rules and standards for scientific practice
Paradigms are an intrinsic part of science and provide a set of defining rules that are to be
followed
Problems with using a model/paradigm:
- You’ll filter information making your focus on certain things over others - lose/ditch
some information
Biological Paradigm
- Continuation of somatogenic hypothesis - disorder caused by defective biological
processes
- Also referred to as the medical model or disease model
- Used mainly in the 19th century - germ theory, ovaries causing delusions in women
- Belief that the physical energy and psychic energy were linked so removal of physical
deformities would result in reduction in psychological disorders
Behavioural Genetics
Study of individual differences in behaviour attributable to differences in genetic makeup
Genotype- observable genetic constitution
- Total genetic makeup
- Fixed at birth but expression can change over time - not static
-
Phenotype - totality of observable behavioral characteristics
- Dynamic and changes over time
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