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Lecture 3

PSYC 3140 Lecture 3: Abnormal Lecture 3

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PSYC 3140
Jennifer Lewin

Abnormal Lecture 3 Behaviour therapy - systematic application of learning principles and techniques to assess and improve individuals behaviours to improve functioning Some interventions: Positive reinforcement Role play Systematic desensitization - make people learn how to be completely relaxed then when the fear is imagined during a relaxed state - youre not going to be as scared of the fear Token economy and shaping - used on those in inpatient wards Social skills training To change a behaviour: Functional Assessment - ABC Model - usually done on kids Antecedents: the cues or triggers that elicit behaviour Behaviour: the problem behaviour Consequences: events that maintain behaviour - increasing or decreasing it Senario from Lecture slides: Antecedents: boredom, notifications, wifi availability, attendance requirement Behaviour: using the internet in class Consequences : no punishment for using it, makes people stay connected with others online, prof doesnt do anything Solution? - prof makes the class more interesting, block wifi access, participation is worth marks so people will use it less and be more involved, make group tasks to make students interact rather than sit there, have short breaks to make students refreshed Cognitive Paradigm Theory of Psychopathology - dysfunctional cognitive set is responsible for the development of the disorder Ex: Depression caused by this dysfunctional cognitive set of hopelessness 3 factors: How you view yourself - i am hopeless How you view the world - the world is a cruel place How you view the future- future looks dull - These views define your cognitions - Need to be able to change these cognitions to prevent disorder
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